F18 Fluciclovine PET / CT in Assessing Tumor Volume and Radiation Therapy Response in Patients with Glioblastoma Undergoing Surgery

Status: Active


This early phase I trial studies how well F18 fluciclovine positron emission tomography (PET) / computed tomography (CT) works in assessing tumor volume and radiation therapy response in patients with glioblastoma undergoing surgery. Radioactive imaging agents, such as F18 fluciclovine, used during PET / CT scan may help measure tumor size compared to standard of care magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents in patients receiving radiation therapy.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patient is a candidate for brain tumor resection and radiation with lesion suspected to be or previously biopsy proven to be a glioblastoma.
  • Patient is able to understand and give consent to participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnant.
  • Known allergy to gadolinium-based contrast agents or F18 fluciclovine.
  • Renal failure as evidenced by a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2.
  • Pacemakers, electronic stimulation, metallic foreign bodies and devices and/or other conditions that are not MR safe, which include but are not limited to: * Electronically, magnetically, and mechanically activated implants * Ferromagnetic or electronically operated active devices like automatic cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac pacemakers * Metallic splinters in the eye * Ferromagnetic hemostatic clips in the central nervous system (CNS) or body * Cochlear implants * Other pacemakers, e.g., for the carotid sinus * Insulin pumps and nerve stimulators * Non-MR safe lead wires * Prosthetic heart valves (if dehiscence is suspected) * Non-ferromagnetic stapedial implants * Pregnancy * Claustrophobia that does not readily respond to oral medication.

Locations & Contacts


M D Anderson Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Jason Michael Johnson
Phone: 713-792-8443

Trial Objectives and Outline


I. To compare fluciclovine F18 (F18 fluciclovine) PET CT for tumor volume assessment compared to T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1 post contrast magnetic resonance (MR) brain imaging.


I. To assess changes in F18 fluciclovine defined disease with surgery and radiation.

II. To assess the relationship between post-radiation enhancing brain tissue and F18 fluciclovine activity.


I. To assess the association between results from pathology and F18 fluciclovine, T2 FLAIR, and T1 post-contrast MR brain imaging.


Patients receive fluciclovine F18 intravenously (IV) and undergo 4 PET/CT scans over 10 minutes paired with standard of care MRI within 14 days prior to initial maximal tumor resection, within 7 days prior to initiation of radiation therapy, 28 days after the completion of radiation therapy, and 6 months after the completion of radiation therapy.

After completion of study, patients will be followed up at 3 and 6 months.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

No phase specified

Trial Type


Lead Organization

Lead Organization
M D Anderson Cancer Center

Principal Investigator
Jason Michael Johnson

Trial IDs

Primary ID 2018-0869
Secondary IDs NCI-2019-01532
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03926507