SPECT / CT for the Characterization of Renal Masses

Status: Active

Description

This trial studies how well technetium Tc-99m sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography / computed tomography (SPECT / CT) works on clinical decision making in patients with kidney tumors. Diagnostic procedures, such as technetium Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT / CT may be a less invasive way to check for kidney tumors.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Performance status Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) < 2.
  • Life expectancy (> 1 year).
  • New diagnosis of a renal tumor (within past 3 months).
  • Measurable, predominantly (> 80%) solid renal neoplasm between 1.5-5.0 cm.
  • Lesion concerning for kidney cancer bases on a contrast-enhanced CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • No definitive evidence of metastatic disease.
  • Does not require urgent surgical treatment.
  • Candidate for surgical, ablative, and surveillance approach.
  • Willingness to obtain more information to aid decision-making.
  • Understanding and willingness to provide consent.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Presence of multiple solid renal tumors.
  • A prior needle biopsy of the mass resulting in histologic diagnosis.
  • A prior diagnosis of kidney cancer.
  • Presence of an active, untreated, non-renal malignancy.
  • History of bleeding diathesis or recent bleeding episode.
  • Prior surgery or radiation therapy to the kidney.
  • Unwillingness to fill out questionnaires.

Locations & Contacts

California

Los Angeles
UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Brian Shuch
Phone: 310-794-7700
Email: BShuch@mednet.ucla.edu

Trial Objectives and Outline

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the impact of technetium Tc-99m sestamibi (MIBI) SPECT/CT on patient management decisions.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the impact of MIBI SPECT/CT on patient management decisions for tumors 1.5-3.0 cm and 3.1-5.0 cm.

II. To assess the impact of MIBI SPECT/CT on decisional conflict score.

III. To assess the impact of MIBI SPECT/CT on physician management recommendation.

IV. To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of MIBI SPECT/CT for the identification of an oncocytic renal mass (oncocytoma, chromophobe, and hybrid oncocytic tumor) with respect to tumor histology identified by renal mass biopsy or surgical resection.

V. To compare the specificity of MIBI SPECT/CT with conventional cross-sectional imaging in predicting an oncocytic renal mass.

VI. To assess the correlation between MIBI SPECT/CT outcomes to final treatment decisions.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the mitochondria content in tumors that had positive MIBI SPECT/CT findings.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive technetium Tc-99m sestamibi intravenously (IV) then undergo SPECT/CT.

After completion of study, patients are followed up for 6 months.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

No phase specified

Trial Type

Health services research

Lead Organization

Lead Organization
UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Principal Investigator
Brian Shuch

Trial IDs

Primary ID 18-001817
Secondary IDs NCI-2019-02711
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT03996850