Treating Early-Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer with Durvalumab and Radiation Therapy
- Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol. Written informed consent and any locally required authorization obtained from the patient/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures
- Patient age >= 18 at time of consent
- Early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Stage I to IIIA; T1-4 excluding patients with satellite nodules in the same or ipsilateral lobes, N0; American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 8th edition)
- Ineligible for or unwilling to undergo surgical resection. Reasons for surgical ineligibility include: medically inoperable or surgically unresectable (due to tumor size, location etc.), as assessed by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) thoracic surgeon or multi-disciplinary tumor board consensus. Reasons for ineligibility or patient’s unwillingness to undergo surgical resection must be clearly documented
- Histological and/or cytological confirmation of NSCLC as per standard of care biopsy; no additional research protocol-specific biopsy is needed
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group/World Health Organization (ECOG/WHO) performance status (PS) 0-1 (Karnofsky performance status [KPS] 70-100)
- Candidates for definitive SBRT * If, after candidates have been planned for radiation therapy (RT), they are unable to be treated with the institutional dose constraints, they will be labeled ineligible and removed from the study. Ineligible patients will be replaced
- A PFS of < 60% (at least 40% risk for disease progression) at 2 years based on an MSKCC-developed risk prediction model
- Body weight > 30 kg
- Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1.5 x (>= 1500 per mm^3)
- Platelet count >= 75 x 10^9/L (>= 75,000 per mm^3)
- Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). This will not apply to patients with confirmed Gilbert’s syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of hemolysis or hepatic pathology), who will be allowed only in consultation with their physician
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered postmenopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply: * Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the postmenopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy) * Women >= 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy)
- Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
- Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 4 weeks
- Previous thoracic radiation precluding definitive SBRT to the current tumor
- Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc.]). The following are exceptions to this criterion: * Patients with vitiligo or alopecia * Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement * Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy * Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the principal investigator (PI) * Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
- Any unresolved toxicity National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE grade >= 2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria * Patients with grade >= 2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the PI * Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the PI
- Prior/current therapies: * Treatment with a monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or has not recovered (i.e., >= grade 1 at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered > 4 weeks earlier (intraocular bevacizumab is acceptable) * Prior chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy, within 3 weeks prior to study day 1 or has not recovered (i.e., >= grade 1 at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent) * Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, including durvalumab, anti-PDL2, anti-CD137, anti-cytotoxic T- lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways * Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion: ** Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection) ** Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed <<10 mg/day>> of prednisone or its equivalent ** Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., computed tomography [CT] scan premedication) * Any concurrent chemotherapy, investigational product (IP), biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable * Prior chemotherapy for this diagnosis of lung cancer
- Major surgical procedure (as defined by the investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable
- History of allogenic organ transplantation
- Severe concurrent illness: * Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial * Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy * Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis [TB] testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive hepatitis B virus [HBV] surface antigen [HBsAg] result), hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (positive human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] 1/2 antibodies). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA); * Active infection requiring systemic therapy * Evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis * Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: symptomatic cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (>= New York Heart Association Classification Class II), or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
- Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ a highly effective birth control from screening to 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab monotherapy. * Highly effective methods of contraception, defined as one that results in a low failure rate (i.e., less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly. Note that some contraception methods are not considered highly effective (e.g. male or female condom with or without spermicide; female cap, diaphragm, or sponge with or without spermicide; non-copper containing intrauterine device; progestogen-only oral hormonal contraceptive pills where inhibition of ovulation is not the primary mode of action [excluding Cerazette/desogestrel which is considered highly effective]; and triphasic combined oral contraceptive pills)
- Live vaccination within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of durvalumab and while on trial is prohibited except for administration of inactivated vaccines
- Connective tissue disorders or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis involving the lungs and/or esophagus
- Known actionable epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation
- Known contraindications to radiotherapy
- History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
- History of active primary immunodeficiency
- Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients
- Prior randomization or treatment in a previous durvalumab clinical study regardless of treatment arm assignment
- Participants must not donate blood while on durvalumab therapy
I. To evaluate 2- year progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) with durvalumab combined with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) compared to historical controls with SBRT alone.
I. To assess local progression.
II. To assess 2- year overall survival.
III. To assess safety and tolerability of concurrent and consolidation durvalumab added to SBRT using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.
IV. To assess circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) levels as an early outcome predictor.
I. We will utilize Institutional Review Board (IRB)# 12-245 Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets (IMPACT) data to correlate with early circulating tumor DNA response.
II. Tissue and blood biomarker correlatives for response and toxicity.
III. PD-L1 expression of the primary tumor and germline testing; specifically, the investigation of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and germline repair deficiencies as evaluated by Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK)-IMPACT.
Patients receive durvalumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1. Within 7 days of the first dose of durvalumab, patients undergo SBRT for 3-10 fractions for 1-10 sessions (Monday-Friday) over 5-10 minutes each. Treatment with durvalumab repeats every 4 weeks for up to 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for year 1 and every 6 months for year 2.
Trial Phase Phase II
Trial Type Treatment
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
- Primary ID 20-415
- Secondary IDs NCI-2021-00769
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT04716946