Anti-CD22 Chimeric Receptor T Cells in Pediatric and Young Adults With Recurrent or Refractory CD22-expressing B Cell Malignancies
- - INCLUSION CRITERIA: 1. Patient must have a B cell ALL (inclusive of ALL blast transformation from CML) or lymphoma and must have relapsed or refractory disease after at least one standard chemotherapy regimen and one salvage regimen. In view of the PI and the primary oncologist, there must be no available alternative curative therapies and subjects must be either ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT), have refused SCT, recurred after SCT, or have disease activity that prohibits SCT at the time of enrollment. 2. CD22 expression must be detected on greater than 15% of the malignant cells by immunohistochemistry or greater than 80% by flow cytometry. The choice of whether to use flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry will be determined by what is the most easily available tissue sample in each patent. In general, immunohistochemistry will be used for lymph node biopsies, flow cytometry will be used for peripheral blood and bone marrow samples and CSF when feasible. 3. Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease at the time of enrollment, which may include any evidence of disease including minimal residual disease detected by flow cytometry, cytogenetics, or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. 4. Greater than or equal to 3 years of age (and at least 14.5 kg) and less than or equal to 30 years of age at time of enrollment. 5. Subjects with CNS disease are eligible, with exceptions as noted in the exclusion criteria 6. Patients, parents/guardian(s), legally authorized representative (LAR), or durable power of attorney must be able to give consent and sign the informed consent document. 7. Clinical performance status: Patients greater than or equal to 16 years of age: Karnofsky greater than or equal to 50%; Patients < 16 years of age: Lansky scale greater than or equal to 50%. Subjects who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are upright in a wheelchair will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of calculating the performance score. 8. Patients of child-bearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for four months after receiving the preparative regimen. 9. Patients must have adequate organ function as described below: 10. Cardiac function: Left ventricular ejection fraction greater than or equal to 45% or fractional shortening greater than or equal to 28%. 11. Pulmonary function: Patients without respiratory symptoms (e.g. dyspnea at rest, known requirement for supplemental oxygen therapy) and who have an oxygen saturation greater than or equal to 92% on room air, will be eligible. For patients not meeting this criteria, pulmonary function tests will be performed to confirm that the DLCO/VA/Adj is 50% of the normal predicted value corrected for hemoglobin and alveolar volume in order to meet eligibility.(For children who are unable to cooperate for PFTs, the criterion is: No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance and no requirement for supplemental oxygen therapy. ) 12. Hematologic function: - Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 750/mcL - Platelets greater than or equal to 50,000/mcl - A subject will not be excluded because of pancytopenia related to disease 13. Liver Function: --AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT): less than or equal to 20 x institutional upper limit of normal --Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2 x ULN (ecept in the case of subjects with documented Gilbert s disease greater than or equal to 3 x ULN) 14. Renal Function: Normal creatinineCreatinine level < the maximum for age listed in the table below OR creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal. - less than or equal to 5 years old: maximum serum creatinine 0.8mg/dL - between 6 and 10 years old: maximum serum creatinine 1.0mg/dL - greater than 10 years old: maximum serum creatinine 1.2mg/dL 14. Patients with history of allogeneic stem cell transplantation are eligible if at least 100 days post-transplant, if there is no evidence of active GVHD and no longer taking immunosuppressive agents for at least 30 days prior to enrollment. 15. Patients previously treated with anti-CD19 CAR or other adoptive cell therapies will be eligible if all other eligibility criteria are met but will be evaluated as a separate strata from CAR-naive patients in the expansion phase. Circulating CAR T cells must be <5% in peripheral blood. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Subjects meeting any of the following criteria are not eligible for participation in the study: 1. Subjects with radiologically-detected active CNS lymphoma, leptomeningeal CNS disease or isolated CNS disease which are eligible for definitive CNS directed radiationtherapy will be excluded. 2 .Hyperleukocytosis (greater than or equal to 50,000 blasts/ L) or rapidly progressive disease that in theestimation of the investigator and sponsor would compromise ability to complete study therapy; 3. Pregnant or breast-feeding females 4. Recent prior therapy: 5. Systemic chemotherapy less than or equal to 2 weeks (6 weeks for clofarabine or nitrosoureas) or radiation therapy less than or equal to 3 weeks prior to apheresis; Exceptions: 1. There is no time restriction in regard to prior intrathecal chemotherapy provided there is complete recovery from any acute toxic effects of such; 2. Subjects receiving hydroxyurea may be enrolled provided there has been no increase in dose for at least 2 weeks prior to starting apheresis 3. Patients who are on standard ALL maintenance type chemotherapy (vincristine, 6- mercaptopurine, oral methotrexate, or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor for patients with Ph+ ALL) may be enrolled provided that chemotherapy is discontinued at least 1 week prior to apheresis. d. Subjects receiving steroids may be enrolled, provided there has been no increase in dose for at least 1 week prior to starting apheresis; e. For radiation therapy: Radiation therapy must have been completed at least 3 weeks prior to enrollment (including CNS radiation), with the exception that there is no time restriction if the volume of bone marrow treated is less than 10% and also the subject has measurable/evaluable disease outside the radiation port. 6. Other anti-neoplastic investigational agents, or antibody based therapies currently or within 2 weeks prior to apheresis; 7. Subjects must have recovered from the acute side effects of their prior therapy, such that eligibility criteria are met. Cytopenias deemed to be disease-related and not therapy-related are exempt from this exclusion. 8. Prior CAR therapy within 30 days prior to apheresis or prior CAR therapy at any time with evidence for persistence of CAR T cells in blood samples (circulating levels of genetically modified cells of greater than or equal to 5% by flow cytometry). 9. HIV/HBV/HCV Infection: 1. Seropositive for HIV antibody. (Patients with HIV are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will beundertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in the future should study results indicate effectiveness.) 2. Seropositive for hepatitis C or positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAG). 10. Uncontrolled, symptomatic, intercurrent illness including but not limited to infection, congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, psychiatric illness, or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or in the opinion of the PI would pose an unacceptable risk to the subject; 11. Second malignancy other than in situ carcinoma of the cervix, unless the tumor was treated with curative intent at least two years previously and subject is in remission; 12. History of severe, immediate hypersensitivity reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to any agents used in study or in the manufacturing of the cells (i.e. gentamicin);
- Adoptive cellular therapy with T cells genetically modified using viral-based vectors to
express chimeric antigen receptors targeting the CD19 molecule have demonstrated
dramatic clinical responses in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
However, not all patients respond and CD19-negative escape has been observed following
CD19 CAR therapy, as well as anti-CD19/CD3 bispecific antibody therapy. Thus, additional
targets are needed.
- CD22 is a B-lineage-restricted, transmembrane phosphoglycoprotein of the Ig superfamily
that is widely expressed on B-cell malignancies including 96% to 100% of pediatric
Bprecursor ALL. Therefore, CD22 represents a promising target. Encouraging responses
targeting CD22 with an antibody based immunoconjugate have been seen in patients,
including children, with recurrent and refractory ALL. This will be the first in human
testing of anti-CD22 CAR adoptive cell therapy.
- To determine the feasibility of producing anti-CD22 CAR cells meeting established
release criteria. Complete
- To assess the safety of administering escalating doses of anti-CD22-CAR engineered T
cells in children and young adults with recurrent or refractory CD22- expressing B cell
malignancies following a cyclophosphamide/fludarabine preparative regimen.
- Patients 3-30 years of age, at least 14.5 kg, with CD22-expressing B-cell malignancies that
have recurred after or not responded to one or more standard regimens and deemed incurable by
standard therapy. Patients with a history of allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation (SCT)
who meet all eligibility criteria are eligible to participate. Patients previously treated
with anti-CD19 CAR engineered T cells are also eligible.
- PBMC will be obtained by leukapheresis, CD3+ cells enriched and cultured in the presence
of anti-CD3/-CD28 beads followed by lentiviral vector supernatant containing the
anti-CD22 (M971BBz) CAR.
- On Day -4 (cell infusion is Day 0), patients will begin induction chemotherapy
comprising fludarabine 25 mg/m2 on Days -4, -3 and -2 and cyclophosphamide 900 mg/m2 on
- The CD22-CAR cells will be infused on Day 0, with up to a 72h delay allowed for infusion
of fresh cells or a 7 day delay if cells are cryopreserved, if needed for resolution of
clinical toxicities, to generate adequate cell numbers, or to facilitate scheduling.
- A phase I cell dose escalation scheme will be performed using 3 dose levels (3 x 10(5)
transduced T cells/kg; 1 x 10(6) transduced T cells/kg; and 3 x 10(6) transduced T
cells/kg;). If 2/6 patients have DLT at dose level 1, safety will be evaluated in a
de-escalated dose of 1 x 10(5) transduced T cells/kg (more or less 20%)). Once the
maximum tolerated dose (or highest level evaluated) is reached, enrollment into an
expansion cohort of a total of 58 patients at MTD in (32 with and 26 without previous
CD19 CAR T cells) will proceed to provide additional information regarding the
feasibility, safety and efficacy of this treatment. Patients who have previously
received CD19 CAR T cells will be evaluated separately from CAR-na(SqrRoot) ve patients
as response may be different in these two groups.
- Patients will be monitored for toxicity, response and T cell persistence as well as
other biologic correlates.
Trial Phase Phase I
Trial Type Treatment
National Cancer Institute
Nirali N. Shah
- Primary ID 150029
- Secondary IDs NCI-2019-00385, 15-C-0029, NCI-2015-00102
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02315612