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Highly Conformal, Hypofractionated, Focally Dose Escalated Post-Prostatectomy Radiotherapy

Trial Status: Active

Background: Sometimes prostate cancer comes back after a person s prostate is removed. In this case, radiation is a common treatment. Radiation kills prostate cancer cells. It can be very effective. It is usually given in short doses almost every day for 6 or 7 weeks. Researchers want to see if a shorter schedule can be as effective. They want to see if that causes the same or fewer side effects. Usually, radiation is used to treat the entire area where the prostate was before surgery. In some patients, an area of tumor can be seen on scans. Researchers are also trying to see if they can give less dose to the area usually treated with radiation if the full dose is given to the tumor seen on scans. Objective: To find the shortest radiation schedule that people can tolerate without strong side effects. Eligibility: People at least 18 years old who have had a prostatectomy and will get radiation Design: Participants will be screened with: - Medical history - Physical exam - Blood and urine tests - Scan that uses a small amount of radiation to make a picture of the body - Scan that uses a magnetic field to make an image of the body - Participants will provide documents that confirm their diagnosis. - Participants may have a scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Before they start treatment, participants will have another physical exam and blood tests. Participants will get radiation each day Monday through Friday. Treatment may last 2, 3, or 4 weeks. Participants may provide a tissue sample from a previous procedure for research. Participants will answer questions about their general well-being and function. About 4-5 weeks after they finish radiation treatment, participants will have a follow-up visit. They will be examined and give a blood sample. They will have 6 follow-up visits for the next 2 years.

Inclusion Criteria

  • - INCLUSION CRITERIA: - Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate. - Indications for post-prostatectomy radiation exist: - Disease progression (detectable PSA on two measurements obtained at least one month apart) or - indications for adjuvant radiation exist (if undetectable PSA): pathologic T3, T4, N+ disease or positive margins (within 1 year of prostatectomy). - Age greater than or equal to 18 years. - ECOG performance status less than or equal to 1 (Karnofsky greater than or equal to 60) - Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. - Radiation is teratogenic; thus, men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and up to 120 days after the last radiation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. - HIV positive patients are included if CD4+ T-cell count > 200 cells/uL; on stable antiretroviral therapy for > 1 year with HIV viral load <200 copies/mL, and no history of opportunistic infections in > 1 year. EXCLUSION CRIETERIA: - Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents concurrently. - Documented metastases of prostate cancer outside of the pelvis (pelvic lymph nodes are allowed only if within the prostate bed region). - History of radiation that would overlap with the intended treatment to the prostate bed. - Known contraindications to radiation such as inflammatory bowel disease, active systemic lupus or scleroderma, or radiation hypersensitivity syndrome (Ataxia Telangiectasia or Fanconi s Anemia) - Subjects with any coexisting medical or psychiatric condition which, in the opinion of the Investigator likely to interfere with study procedures and/or results. - Medically indicated use of known radiosensitizing drugs (such as protease inhibitors)


National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Status: ACTIVE
Contact: National Cancer Institute Referral Office
Phone: 888-624-1937


Prostate cancer that recurs after prostatectomy (rising PSA) with no evidence of metastatic

disease is often treated with radiation to the entire prostate bed to a dose of 66-72 Gy over

6-7 weeks. This treatment can provide PSA control in approximately 75% of patients, but may

have associated genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity due to irradiation of the rectum,

small bowel, and bladder. Imaging of prostate cancer has improved to the extent that

recurrent disease is often identified in the prostate bed or in other pelvic sites. The

current standard is to irradiate the entire prostate bed to the total dose. This trial will

test the tolerability of accelerated treatment designed to yield a similar rate of late

toxicity. In addition, in patients with visible tumor, it will test the feasibility of

delivering a lower dose to the prostate bed and an integrated boost (simultaneous) to the

visible tumor to allow a higher dose to visible tumor than can be delivered with standard



- Define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) hypofractionation of image guided, focally dose

escalated post-prostatectomy radiation.


- PSA recurrence after prostatectomy or indications for adjuvant radiation after


- No evidence of distant metastases of prostate cancer (pelvic lymph nodes are allowed).

- Age greater than or equal to 18 years old

- ECOG performance status less than or equal to 1


This is a Phase I trial of hypofractionated, focal dose escalation with reduced dose prostate

bed irradiation using image and pathologic guidance. The prostate bed will be treated with

hypofractionated radiation and areas in the prostate bed or pelvis shown to have tumor on

biopsy or with advanced imaging studies will be treated with an integrated boost to visible

tumor. The treatment duration will be decreased sequentially in three Dose Level groups.

Quality of life and functional outcomes such as urine, bowel, and erectile function will be

assessed with questionnaires. A maximum of 48 patients will be enrolled.

Trial Phase Phase I

Trial Type Treatment

Lead Organization
National Cancer Institute

Principal Investigator
Deborah E. Citrin

  • Primary ID 180028
  • Secondary IDs NCI-2018-03625, 18-C-0028, NCI-2017-02371
  • ID NCT03388619