Clinical, Laboratory, and Epidemiologic Characterization of Individuals and Families at High Risk of Cancer
- - INCLUSION CRITERIA: On referral, persons of any age will be considered for the inclusion in the study because of either: A family or personal history of neoplasia of an unusual type, pattern, or number; OR, known or suspected factor(s) predisposing to neoplasia, either genetic and/or congenital factors (birth defects, metabolic phenotype, chromosomal anomalies or Mendelian traits associated with tumors), environmental exposure (medications, occupation, radiation, diet, infectious agents, etc.), or unusual demographic features (very young age of onset, multiple tumors, etc.). Personal and family medical history must be verified through questionnaires, interviews, and review of pathology slides and medical records. For familial neoplasms, two or more living affected cases among family members are required. The types of familial tumors that we are currently actively accruing include: Familial Cancers: bladder, brain, chordoma, lung, nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCC) Familial Benign Neoplasms: meningiomas, neurofibromatosis 2 (bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis) The types of familial tumors under active accrual and study are predominantly investigator-and hypothesis-driven. This approach permits GEB investigators to remain alert to the opportunities afforded by clusters of rare tumors in families and individuals, and to be more responsive to the dynamic research priorities in cancer genetics. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Referred individuals and families for whom reported diagnoses cannot be verified. Inability to provide informed consent. Eligible for familial melanoma, lymphoproliferative, breast-ovarian cancer, or testicular cancer protocols.
Background: Persons may be prone to develop cancer for a variety of reasons including: inherited predisposition benign, premalignant, or malignant conditions; environmental exposures shared by family members; previous tumors, immune deficiency, or preneoplastic conditions. Investigations of individuals and families at high risk of cancer often lead to etiologic clues that may be important in the sporadic counterparts of these cancers in the general population. Identification of etiologically important genetic factors could inform chemoprevention trials, screening programs, and treatment of the studied cancer types. Objectives: To evaluate and define the clinical spectrum and natural history of disease in syndromes predisposing to cancer. To evaluate potential precursor states of disease in families at risk. To quantify risks of tumors in family members. To map, clone, and determine function of tumor susceptibility genes. To identify genetic determinants, environmental factors, and gene-environment interactions conferring cancer risk in individuals and families. To evaluate gene-gene and gene-environment interactions in tumor formation. To educate and counsel study participants about their tumor risk including prevention recommendations and early detection activities when known. To develop educational materials for medical professionals and high-risk family members. Eligibility: Persons of any age will be considered for inclusion in the study because of either, A family or personal medical history of neoplasia of an unusual type, pattern, or number; or, Known or suspected factor(s) predisposing to neoplasia, either genetic and/or congenital factors, environmental exposure, or unusual demographic features. Types of familial tumors that we are currently actively accruing include Cancers: bladder, bone, brain, chordoma, lung, nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCC). Design: This is a prospective study. Individuals and families are studied long-term, using a cohort approach. The study design and clinical evaluation vary by the specific type of familial neoplasm being studied. The overall approach to eligible study participants includes defining affection status, characterization of disease, localization of genetic loci, identification of genes, evaluation of phenotype/genotype correlations, estimation of risk of the disease associated with carrier status and identification of other risk factors that modify penetrance (genetic, environmental, host factors).
Trial Phase Phase NA
Trial Type Not provided by clinicaltrials.gov
National Cancer Institute
Sharon A. Savage
- Primary ID 780039
- Secondary IDs NCI-2018-02233, 78-C-0039, NCI-2013-02064
- Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT00001163