A Phase 2 Study of Cediranib in Combination with Olaparib in Advanced Solid Tumors

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This phase II trial studies cediranib maleate in combination with olaparib in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other parts of the body or cannot be removed by surgery, including breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Cediranib maleate may also block the flow of oxygen to the tumor, and may help make the tumor more sensitive to olaparib.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed, metastatic or unresectable malignancy of the following types: (a) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), (b) triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC; defined by estrogen receptor [ER] < 1%, progesterone receptor [PR] < 1% and HER2 1+ or less by immunohistochemistry [IHC]; if HER-2 expression is 2+, a negative fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH] testing is required) (c) pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC), or (d) small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
  • Must have received at least one line of standard systemic treatment for locally advanced or metastatic disease setting of the respective tumor type; for NSCLC, it is either PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor, or platinum-containing chemotherapy, or an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor or an ALK inhibitor if sensitizing mutation present; TNBC: platinum-containing chemotherapy; PDAC: fluorouracil (5-FU-), gemcitabine-, or taxane-containing chemotherapy either with or without radiation therapy; SCLC: platinum-containing chemotherapy for limited or extensive stage disease
  • Patients must have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1
  • Toxicities of prior therapy (except alopecia) should be resolved to =< grade 1 as per National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)5.0; patients with long-standing stable grade 2 neuropathy may be considered after discussion with the study principal investigator (PI)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1 or 2 (Karnofsky >= 50%)
  • Life expectancy of >= 4 months
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR
  • Creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • A urine protein:creatinine ratio of < 1 or < 1 g protein on 24-hour urine collection
  • International normalized ration (INR) within 1.25 x ULN institutional limits, except where a lupus anti-coagulant has been confirmed
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within 1.25 x ULN institutional limits, except where a lupus anti-coagulant has been confirmed
  • Patients must be able to tolerate oral medications and not have gastrointestinal illnesses that would preclude absorption of cediranib or olaparib
  • Adequately controlled thyroid function, with no symptoms of thyroid dysfunction; elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) with normal T3 and T4 are allowed; patients on thyroid replacement therapy are allowed
  • Adequately controlled blood pressure (BP) < 140 mmHg (systolic) and < 90 mmHg (diastolic) taken in the clinic setting by a medical professional within 2 weeks prior to starting study; patients with hypertension may be managed with up to a maximum of 3 antihypertensive medications; patients who are on 3 antihypertensive medications are highly recommended to be followed by a cardiologist or blood pressure specialist for management of BP while on protocol
  • Patients who have the following risk factors are considered to be at increased risk for cardiac toxicities, and must have documented left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by echocardiogram greater than institution’s lower limit of normal (or 55% if threshold for normal not otherwise specified by institutional guidelines) obtained within 3 months * Prior treatment with anthracyclines * Prior treatment with trastuzumab * A New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of II controlled with treatment * Prior central thoracic radiation therapy (RT), including RT to the heart * History of myocardial infarction within 12 months (patients with history of myocardial infarction within 6 months are excluded from the study)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and for 4 months after completion of cediranib and olaparib administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or RT within 3 weeks prior to start of the study agents, or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier
  • Patients should not have received any other investigational agents within the past 4 weeks
  • Patients with untreated brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or evidence of symptomatic brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease as noted on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans should be excluded from this clinical trial; screening brain MRI (or CT if MRI contraindicated) will be required for patients with recurrent NSCLC, TNBC, or SCLC; brain MRI (or CT if MRI contraindicated) is required for PDAC if clinically suspected by patient’s symptoms or neurological exam; should patient found to have brain metastasis, treatment of brain metastasis must precede the participation in this study; for patients with known and treated brain metastases is allowed in this study if they fulfill the following criteria: * The lesions have improved or remained stable radiographically and clinically for at least 6 weeks after completion of brain irradiation or stereotactic brain radiosurgery and off steroids for at least 6 weeks
  • Patients who have received prior inhibitor of VEGF signaling and a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP) inhibitor administered in combination; unless administered in combination, patients who received a prior PARP inhibitor or a prior VEGF-signaling inhibitor agent are allowed after discussing with the PI
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cediranib or olaparib
  • Participants receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) are ineligible; dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers are permitted for management of hypertension
  • Current use of natural herbal products or other complementary alternative medications (CAM) or “folk remedies”
  • Patients with concomitant or prior invasive malignancies within the past 3 years; subjects with treated limited stage basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the breast or cervix are eligible
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • History of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to registration
  • NYHA classification of III or IV
  • Current cardiac arrhythmia requiring concurrent use of anti-arrhythmic drugs
  • History of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy within 3 years prior to registration
  • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease or abdominal aortic aneurysm (> 5 cm) or aortic dissection; if known history of abdominal aortic aneurysm with >= 4 cm in diameter, all of the following must be met: * An ultrasound (US) within the last 6 months prior to registration will be required to document that it is =< 5 cm * Patient must be asymptomatic from the aneurysm * Blood pressure must be well controlled as defined in this protocol
  • A major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to starting cediranib (percutaneous/endobronchial biopsies are allowed)
  • History of bowel obstruction within 1 month prior to starting study drugs
  • History of hemoptysis or any significant bleeding within the last 1 month prior to enrollment
  • Presence of cavitation of central pulmonary lesion
  • History of abdominal fistula, intra-abdominal abscess, or gastrointestinal perforation within the 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Patients may not have current dependency on intravenous (IV) hydration or total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
  • Patients may not have evidence of coagulopathy or bleeding diathesis; therapeutic anticoagulation for prior thromboembolic events is permitted; the clinical indication for therapeutic anticoagulation must be clearly documented prior to enrollment and must be discussed with the P.I.; patients who are on greater than or equal to 2 anti-thrombotic agents, including but not limited to anti-platelet agents (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs]/aspirin, clopidogrel), heparin, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), warfarin, and a direct thrombin inhibitor, will be excluded
  • Patients may not have features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) on peripheral blood smear or bone marrow biopsy, if clinically indicated
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with cediranib and olaparib
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the treating investigator would interfere with evaluation of the investigational product or interpretation of subject safety or study results

Locations & Contacts


La Jolla
UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 858-822-5354
Email: cancercto@ucsd.edu
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 916-734-3089
San Diego
University of California San Diego
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 858-822-5354
Email: cancercto@ucsd.edu
San Francisco
UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 877-827-3222


New Haven
Smilow Cancer Center / Yale-New Haven Hospital
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 203-785-5702
Email: canceranswers@yale.edu
Yale University
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 203-785-5702
Email: canceranswers@yale.edu


Moffitt Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 800-456-7121
Email: canceranswers@moffitt.org


Wayne State University / Karmanos Cancer Institute
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 313-576-9790
Email: ctoadmin@karmanos.org
Farmington Hills
Weisberg Cancer Treatment Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 313-576-9790
Email: ctoadmin@karmanos.org


Vanderbilt University / Ingram Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 800-811-8480


M D Anderson Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 877-312-3961


Virginia Commonwealth University / Massey Cancer Center
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Email: mwellons@vcu.edu

British Columbia

BCCA-Vancouver Cancer Centre
Status: Active
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 888-939-3333


University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
Status: Temporarily closed to accrual
Contact: Site Public Contact
Phone: 416-946-4501
Email: clinical.trials@uhn.on.ca

Trial Objectives and Outline


I. To determine the objective response rate (ORR) of cediranib (cediranib maleate) plus olaparib in combination in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors of the following tumor types: non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and small cell lung cancer (SCLC).


I. To assess the safety and tolerability of oral administration of cediranib in combination with olaparib in patients with select advanced solid tumors.

II. To estimate progression free survival (PFS) in each tumor cohort.


I. To estimate the prevalence of the mutations of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair genes in tumors using the BROCA panel and to correlate tumor regression with mutations status. (Integrated)

II. To evaluate changes in tumor hypoxia on cediranib treatment compared to baseline by [F-18] fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with NSCLC.

III. To evaluate levels of angiogenesis/inflammatory markers including VEGF at baseline and on treatment.

IV. To evaluate levels of circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) at baseline and on treatment.


Patients receive cediranib maleate orally (PO) once daily (QD) on day 1. Patients undergoing FMISO scan also receive olaparib PO twice daily (BID) beginning the day after the second FMISO scan and the rest of the patients receive olaparib PO BID beginning day 4 of course 1. Courses repeat every 28 days (35 days for course 1) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks and then every 4 weeks thereafter.

Trial Phase & Type

Trial Phase

Phase II

Trial Type


Lead Organization

Lead Organization
Yale University Cancer Center LAO

Principal Investigator
Joseph Woong Kim

Trial IDs

Primary ID 9881
Secondary IDs NCI-2015-01097, 1604017576
Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT02498613