NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,278 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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ECD
A very rare disorder in which too many histiocytes (a type of white blood cell) build up in certain tissues and organs and damage them. ECD most often affects the long bones of the arms and legs, but it can also affect the skin, lungs, heart, kidneys, brain, tissue behind the eyes, and the retroperitoneum (the back wall of the abdomen). The symptoms can range from mild to severe and life-threatening. ECD is most common in adults. It is a type of histiocytosis. Also called Erdheim-Chester disease.