Key Reports on Cancer Trends in the United States
Each year, several different reports are released by government health agencies and nonprofit groups that provide information on important cancer trends in the United States.
Although similar in some respects, each report may offer a different perspective—or use different resources—to assess the U.S. cancer burden and to define the progress being made to alleviate that burden.
- The Annual Report to the Nation, produced since 1998, provides a yearly update of U.S. cancer incidence (new cases) and mortality (death) rates, and trends in these rates. Each report also includes a special section on an important cancer topic or trend.
The report—issued by NCI, the American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR)—incorporates data from several sources, including NCI's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program, the CDC National Program of Cancer Registries, the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), and NAACCR.
- NCI’s Cancer Trends Progress Report measures progress in prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, life after cancer, and end of life in relation to Healthy People 2030 targets set by the Department of Health and Human Services. Measures for this report are selected based on scientific evidence and the availability of national—rather than state or local—data collection and analysis. Data for this report are obtained from a wide range of systems and surveys with different collection techniques and reporting times.
- Cancer Facts and Figures is an annual ACS publication that estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths for the coming year in an effort to provide insights into the contemporary cancer burden. The report relies on data from NAACCR, SEER, and the National Center for Health Statistics.
- CDC’s Invasive Cancer Incidence and Survival focuses on estimates of U.S. cancer incidence and 5-year survival. The report includes incidence and survival data from CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries, SEER, and NVSS.