Treatment Clinical Trials for Anal Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for anal cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 30
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  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Rare Tumors

    This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05 / 10 / 2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10 / 17 / 2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03 / 30 / 2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual 04 / 15 / 2019) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual 04 / 15 / 2019) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non-seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual 3 / 15 / 2019) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12 / 19 / 2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09 / 19 / 2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06 / 27 / 2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12 / 22 / 2017) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] (closed to accrual 03 / 15 / 2019) 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02 / 06 / 2018) 35. Vulvar cancer 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09 / 26 / 2018) 38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) 39. Apocrine tumors / extramammary Paget’s disease 40. Peritoneal mesothelioma 41. Basal cell carcinoma 42. Clear cell cervical cancer 43. Esthenioneuroblastoma 44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) 45. Clear cell endometrial cancer 46. Clear cell ovarian cancer 47. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) 48. Gallbladder cancer 49. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type 50. PD-L1 amplified tumors 51. Angiosarcoma 52. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 53). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible 53. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)
    Location: 896 locations

  • Nivolumab after Combined Modality Therapy in Treating Patients with High Risk Stage II-IIIB Anal Cancer

    This randomized phase II clinical trial studies how well nivolumab after combined modality therapy works in treating patients with high risk stage II-IIIB anal cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 809 locations

  • Lower-Dose Chemoradiation in Treating Patients with Early-Stage Anal Cancer, the DECREASE Study

    This phase II trial studies how well lower-dose chemotherapy plus radiation (chemoradiation) therapy works in comparison to standard-dose chemoradiation in treating patients with early-stage anal cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as mitomycin, fluorouracil, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. This study may help doctors find out if lower-dose chemoradiation is as effective and has fewer side effects than standard-dose chemoradiation, which is the usual approach for treatment of this cancer type.
    Location: 456 locations

  • Nivolumab with or without Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Refractory Metastatic Anal Canal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab with or without ipilimumab works in treating patients with anal canal cancer that has not responded to previous treatment (refractory) and has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 45 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with HIV Associated Relapsed or Refractory Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma or Solid Tumors That Are Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of nivolumab when given with ipilimumab in treating patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma that has returned after a period of improvement or does not respond to treatment, or solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Ipilimumab is an antibody that acts against a molecule called cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4). CTLA-4 controls a part of your immune system by shutting it down. Nivolumab is a type of antibody that is specific for human programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), a protein that is responsible for destruction of immune cells. Giving ipilimumab with nivolumab may work better in treating patients with HIV associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma or solid tumors compared to ipilimumab with nivolumab alone.
    Location: 30 locations

  • A Study of XmAb®20717 in Subjects With Selected Advanced Solid Tumors

    This is a Phase 1, multiple dose, ascending dose escalation study to define a MTD / RD and regimen of XmAb20717, to describe safety and tolerability, to assess PK and immunogenicity, and to preliminarily assess anti-tumor activity of XmAb20717 in subjects with selected advanced solid tumors.
    Location: 15 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors (MK-3475-158 / KEYNOTE-158)

    In this study, participants with multiple types of advanced (unresectable and / or metastatic) solid tumors who have progressed on standard of care therapy will be treated with pembrolizumab (MK-3475).
    Location: 7 locations

  • High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Locally Recurrent or Residual Rectal or Anal Cancer Undergoing Non-operative Management

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of high-dose-rate brachytherapy when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with rectal or anal cancer that has come back or gotten worse and cannot be treated with surgery. Brachytherapy, also known as internal radiation therapy, uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. High-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy uses the radioactive material to deliver a high radiation dose in a short period of time to the tumor. It may also send less radiation to nearby healthy tissues and may reduce the risk of side effects. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving HDR brachytherapy together with capecitabine or fluorouracil may kill more tumor cells.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Locally Advanced Anal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with anal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or that has spread from its original site of growth to nearby tissues or lymph nodes (locally advanced) and cannot be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients with Oligometastatic Disease

    This phase II trial studies how well stereotactic radiosurgery works in treating patients with cancer that has spread to 5 or fewer places in the body and involves 3 or fewer organs (oligometastatic disease). Stereotactic radiosurgery, also known as stereotactic body radiation therapy, is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue.
    Location: 3 locations

  • VGX-3100 and Electroporation in Treating Patients with HIV-Positive High-Grade Anal Lesions

    This phase II trials studies how well human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) plasmids therapeutic vaccine VGX-3100 (VGX-3100) and electroporation work in treating patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive high-grade anal lesions. Vaccines made from DNA may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Electroporation helps pores in your body’s cells take in the drug to strengthen your immune system’s response. Giving VGX-3100 and electroporation together may work better in treating patients with high-grad anal lesions.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Artesunate in Treating Patients with High-Grade Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of artesunate in treating patients with high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia are precancerous cells that may or may not become a cancer in the future. Most of the changes that lead to cancer are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Artesunate may kill cells infected with HPV.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Study of Safety and Tolerability of BCA101 Alone and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Patients With EGFR-driven Advanced Solid Tumors

    The investigational drug to be studied in this protocol, BCA101, is a first-in-class compound that targets both EGFR with TGFβ. Based on preclinical data, this bifunctional antibody may exert synergistic activity in patients with EGFR-driven tumors.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • Study of SO-C101 and SO-C101in Combination With Pembro in Adult Patients With Advanced / Metastatic Solid Tumors

    A multicenter open-label phase 1 / 1b study to evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of SO-C101 as monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with selected advanced / metastatic solid tumors
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • Comparing Length of Treatment with Immunotherapy in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors

    This phase III trial compares 1 year immunotherapy treatment versus continuous immunotherapy treatment beyond 1 year in patients with solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body (advanced). Immunotherapy such as pembrolizumab, nivolumab, atezolizumab, durvalumab, and avelumab are drugs given through a vein to the entire body to activate the immune system. Comparing the treatment lengths may help doctors determine the ideal length of time for treatment with immunotherapy in patients with solid tumors.
    Location: University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • Focused Ultrasound Ablation and PD-1 Antibody Blockade for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors

    This phase I trial studies the side effects of focused ultrasound ablation and how well it works with or without PD-1 antibody blockade (a type of immune infused therapy drug) in treating patients with solid tumors that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). PD-1 antibody blockade is a type of treatment that uses an antibody that has been created to bind to immune cells to enable them to fight off cancer more effectively. The Echopulse device is a computer driven system which guides a high intensity focused ultrasound beam (focused sound waves) to a targeted area of a tumor. Focused ultrasound ablation (FUSA) heats the targeted site which causes the cells to die. In addition to the focused ultrasound beam that can kill cells at its target, the Echopulse device also uses low energy ultrasound for imaging the tumor tissue and the tissue around the tumor to make sure that the focused ultrasound beam hit its target. Imiquimod is an immunomodulator, a drug that interacts with the immune system. Through boosting the immune system, imiquimod may help the body fight off cancer cells. The purpose of this trial is to figure out the safety and effectiveness of FUSA administration alone or with a PD-1 antibody and / or imiquimod.
    Location: University of Virginia Cancer Center, Charlottesville, Virginia

  • SL-279252 (PD1-Fc-OX40L) in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas

    This is a Phase 1 first in human, open label, multi-center, dose escalation and dose expansion study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, PK, anti-tumor activity and pharmacodynamic effects of SL-279252 in subjects with advanced solid tumors or lymphomas.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • Papaverine Hydrochloride and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients with Non-small Cell Lung Cancer or Lung Metastases

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and how well papaverine hydrochloride and stereotactic radiation therapy body (SBRT) work in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer or cancer that has spread to the lung (lung metastases). Papaverine hydrochloride may help radiation therapy work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the radiation therapy. Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. This method can kill tumor cells with fewer doses over a shorter period and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving papaverine hydrochloride with SBRT may work in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer or lung metastases.
    Location: Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio

  • LET-IMPT and Standard Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Newly Diagnosed Stage I-III Anal Canal Squamous Cell Cancer

    This phase II trial studies the side effects of LET-IMPT and standard chemotherapy, and how well they work in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage I-III anal canal squamous cell cancer. LET-IMPT is a type of radiation therapy that uses high energy proton “beamlets” to “paint” the radiation dose into the target and may help to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving LET-IMPT and standard chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with anal canal squamous cell cancer.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • DNA Plasmid-encoding Interleukin-12 / HPV DNA Plasmids Therapeutic Vaccine INO-3112 and Durvalumab in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Human Papillomavirus Associated Cancers

    This phase II trial studies how well deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) plasmid-encoding interleukin-12 / human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA plasmids therapeutic vaccine INO-3112 and durvalumab work in treating patients with human papillomavirus associated cancers that have come back or spread to other places in the body. Vaccines made from a gene-modified virus may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving DNA plasmid-encoding interleukin-12 / HPV DNA plasmids therapeutic vaccine INO-3112 and durvalumab may work better in treating patients with human papillomavirus associated cancers.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • M7824 in Subjects With HPV Associated Malignancies

    Background: In the United States, each year there are more than 30,000 cases of human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers. Some of these cancers are often incurable and are not improved by standard therapies. Researchers want to see if a new drug M7824, which targets and blocks a pathway that prevents the immune system from effectively fighting the cancer can shrink tumors in people with some HPV cancers. Objectives: To see if the drug M7824 causes tumors to shrink. Eligibility: Adults age 18 and older who have a cancer associated with HPV infection. Design: Participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. They will review their symptoms and how they perform normal activities. They will have body scans. They will give blood and urine samples. They will have a sample of their tumor tissue taken if one is not available. Participants will have an electrocardiogram to evaluate their heart. Then they will get the study drug through a thin tube in an arm vein. Participants will get the drug every 2 weeks for 26 times (1 year). This is 1 course. After the course, participants will be monitored but will not take the study drug. If their condition gets worse, they will start another course with the drug. This process can be repeated as many times as needed. Treatment will stop if the participant has bad side effects or the drug stops working. Throughout the study, participants will repeat some or all the screening tests. After participants stop taking the drug, they will have a follow-up visit and repeat some screening tests. They will get periodic follow-up phone calls. ...
    Location: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland

  • MnSOD Mimetic BMX-001 in Treating Patients with Anal Cancer Undergoing Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy

    This phase I trial studies the best dose of MnSOD mimetic BMX-001 to reduce side effects in patients with anal cancer undergoing radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Chemoprotective drugs, such as BMX-001, may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy while enhancing tumor killing.
    Location: University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska

  • PEN-866 in Patients With Advanced Solid Malignancies

    Protocol PEN-866-001 is an open-label, multi-center, first-in-human Phase 1 / 2a study evaluating PEN-866 in patients with advanced solid malignancies whose disease has progressed after treatment with previous anticancer therapies.
    Location: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

  • Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients with Rare Solid Tumors

    This phase II trial studies how well atezolizumab and bevacizumab work in treating patients with rare solid tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab and bevacizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • Photodynamic Therapy, Gliolan, and Vitamin D3 for the Treatment of Carcinoma In-situ, High-Grade Anal Dyplasia, or Microinvasive Anal Cancer

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of the light used in photodynamic therapy and how well it works with Gliolan and vitamin D3 in the treatment of patients with carcinoma in-situ (tumors that may become cancer), high-grade anal dysplasia, or microinvasive anal cancer. Photodynamic therapy uses a drug, such as Gliolan, that becomes active when it is exposed to light. The activated drug may kill tumor cells. Vitamin D3 is a type of steroid hormone that may help enhance or restore the immune system after undergoing PDT. It is not yet known if photodynamic therapy, Gliolan, and vitamin D3 may work better in treating patients with carcinoma in-situ, high-grade anal dysplasia, or microinvasive anal cancer.
    Location: University of Pennsylvania / Abramson Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


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