Treatment Clinical Trials for Anal Cancer
Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for anal cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.
NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.
Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Rare Tumors
This clinical trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx. 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma 9. Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non-seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant 25. Paraganglioma 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma 31. Adrenal cortical tumors 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma 35. Vulvar cancer 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)
Location: 804 locations
Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with HIV Associated Relapsed or Refractory Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma or Solid Tumors That Are Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of nivolumab when given with ipilimumab in treating patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma that has returned after a period of improvement or does not respond to treatment, or solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and nivolumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Ipilimumab is an antibody that acts against a molecule called cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4). CTLA-4 controls a part of your immune system by shutting it down. Nivolumab is a type of antibody that is specific for human programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), a protein that is responsible for destruction of immune cells. Giving ipilimumab with nivolumab may work better in treating patients with HIV associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma or solid tumors.
Location: 23 locations
Nivolumab after Combined Modality Therapy in Treating Patients with High Risk Stage II-IIIB Anal Cancer
This randomized phase II clinical trial studies how well nivolumab after combined modality therapy works in treating patients with high risk stage II-IIIB anal cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
Location: 7 locations
An Investigational Immuno-therapy Study to Investigate the Safety and Effectiveness of Nivolumab, and Nivolumab Combination Therapy in Virus-associated Tumors
The purpose of this study to investigate the safety and effectiveness of Nivolumab, and Nivolumab combination therapy, to treat patients who have virus-associated tumors. Certain viruses have been known to play a role in tumor formation and growth. This study will investigate the effects of the study drugs, in patients who have the following types of tumors: - Anal canal cancer - Cervical cancer - Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) positive gastric cancer - HPV positive and negative squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN) - Merkel Cell Cancer - Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) - Penile cancer - Vaginal and vulvar cancer
Location: 10 locations
High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Locally Recurrent or Residual Rectal or Anal Cancer Undergoing Non-operative Management
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of high-dose-rate brachytherapy when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with rectal or anal cancer that has come back or gotten worse and cannot be treated with surgery. Brachytherapy, also known as internal radiation therapy, uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. High-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy uses the radioactive material to deliver a high radiation dose in a short period of time to the tumor. It may also send less radiation to nearby healthy tissues and may reduce the risk of side effects. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving HDR brachytherapy together with capecitabine or fluorouracil may kill more tumor cells.
Location: 6 locations
Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Locally Advanced Anal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with anal cancer that has spread to other places in the body or that has spread from its original site of growth to nearby tissues or lymph nodes and cannot be removed by surgery. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
Location: 4 locations
Surgery in Treating Patients with Early Stage Anal Canal or Perianal Cancer and HIV Infection
This phase II trial studies surgery in treating patients with anal canal or perianal cancer that is small and has not spread deeply into the tissues and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Local surgery may be a safer treatment with fewer side effects than bigger surgery or radiation and chemotherapy.
Location: 4 locations
A Study of RO7198457 (Personalized Cancer Vaccine [PCV]) as a Single Agent and in Combination With Atezolizumab in Participants With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Tumors
This is a Phase 1a / 1b, open-label, multicenter, global, dose-escalation study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, immune response, and pharmacokinetics of RO7198457 as a single agent and in combination with atezolizumab (MPDL3280A, an engineered anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [anti-PD-L1] antibody).
Location: 4 locations
Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients with Oligo-Recurrent Disease
This phase II trial studies how well stereotactic radiosurgery works in treating patients with cancer that has come back and has spread to 5 or fewer places in the body (oligometastatic disease). Stereotactic radiosurgery, also known as stereotactic body radiation therapy, is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue.
Location: 3 locations
Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients with Oligometastatic Disease
This phase II trial studies how well stereotactic radiosurgery works in treating patients with cancer that has spread to 5 or fewer places in the body and involves 3 or fewer organs (oligometastatic disease). Stereotactic radiosurgery, also known as stereotactic body radiation therapy, is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue.
Location: 3 locations
M7824 in Treating Participants with HPV Associated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well anti-PD-L1 / TGFbetaRII fusion protein MSB0011359C (M7824) works in treating participants with human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancer that has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes, or that has spread to other parts of the body. Biological therapies, such as M7824, use substances made from living organisms that may target and block a pathway that prevents the immune system from effectively fighting the cancer.
Location: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland
Vaccine Therapy and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients with HLA-A*02 Positive Relapsed, Refractory, or Metastatic HPV16-Related Oropharyngeal, Cervical, or Anal Cancer
This phase Ib / II trial studies side effects and best dose of HPV16-E711-19 nanomer vaccine DPX-E7 and to see how well it works when given together with cyclophosphamide in treating patients with HLA-A*02 positive, human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16)-related oropharyngeal, cervical, or anal cancer that has come back, does not respond to treatment, or has spread to other parts of the body. Vaccines made from a gene-modified virus may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving HPV16-E711-19 nanomer vaccine DPX-E7 together with cyclophosphamide may work better in treating patients with HPV16-related oropharyngeal, cervical, or anal cancer.
Location: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts
Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors (MK-3475-158 / KEYNOTE-158)
In this study, participants with multiple types of advanced (unresectable and / or metastatic) solid tumors that have progressed on standard of care therapy will be treated with pembrolizumab.
Location: 17 locations