Treatment Clinical Trials for Esophageal Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for esophageal cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 97
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  • Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1199 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Rare Tumors

    This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05 / 10 / 2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10 / 17 / 2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03 / 30 / 2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non-seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) (closed to accrual) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12 / 19 / 2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant (closed to accrual) 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex (closed to accrual) 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09 / 19 / 2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06 / 27 / 2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12 / 22 / 2017) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] (closed to accrual 03 / 15 / 2019) 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02 / 06 / 2018) 35. Vulvar cancer (temporarily closed to accrual) 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) (closed to accrual) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09 / 26 / 2018) 38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) 39. Apocrine tumors / extramammary Paget’s disease (closed to accrual) 40. Peritoneal mesothelioma (temporarily closed to accrual 05 / 08 / 2020) 41. Basal cell carcinoma (temporarily closed to accrual 04 / 29 / 2020) 42. Clear cell cervical cancer 43. Esthenioneuroblastoma (closed to accrual) 44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) 45. Clear cell ovarian cancer (closed to accrual) 46. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) 47. Gallbladder cancer 48. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type 49. PD-L1 amplified tumors 50. Angiosarcoma 51. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 52). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible (temporarily closed to accrual 03 / 25 / 2020) 52. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)
    Location: 912 locations

  • Testing the Addition of Radiotherapy to the Usual Treatment (Chemotherapy) for Patients with Esophageal and Gastric Cancer that has Spread to a Limited Number of Other Places in the Body

    This phase III trial studies how well the addition of radiotherapy to the usual treatment (chemotherapy) works compared to the usual treatment alone in treating patients with esophageal and gastric cancer that has spread to a limited number of other places in the body (oligometastatic disease). Radiotherapy uses high energy x-rays, gamma rays, or protons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in usual chemotherapy, such as leucovorin, 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Adding radiotherapy to the usual chemotherapy may work better compared to the usual chemotherapy alone in treating patients with esophageal and gastric cancer.
    Location: 367 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Esophageal and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma Undergoing Surgery

    This phase II / III trial studies the usefulness of treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab in addition to standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery. Immunotherapy with antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may remove the brake on the body’s immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may reduce the tumor size and the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed during surgery. A combined treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy might be more effective in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery.
    Location: 223 locations

  • Comparing Proton Therapy to Photon Radiation Therapy for Esophageal Cancer

    This trial studies how well proton beam radiation therapy compared with intensity modulated photo radiotherapy works in treating patients with stage I-IVA esophageal cancer. Proton beam radiation therapy uses a beam of protons (rather than x-rays) to send radiation inside the body to the tumor without damaging much of the healthy tissue around it. Intensity modulated photon radiotherapy uses high-energy x-rays to deliver radiation directly to the tumor without damaging much of the healthy tissue around it. It is not yet known whether proton beam therapy or intensity modulated photo radiotherapy will work better in treating patients with esophageal cancer.
    Location: 52 locations

  • Olaparib and Ramucirumab in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of olaparib when given together with ramucirumab and how well they work in treating patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic), has come back (recurrent), or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ramucirumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving olaparib and ramucirumab may work better in treating patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer compared to ramucirumab and paclitaxel (a chemotherapy drug) or ramucirumab alone.
    Location: 30 locations

  • Study of Cabozantinib in Combination With Atezolizumab to Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

    This is a multicenter Phase 1b, open-label study to assess safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of cabozantinib taken in combination with atezolizumab in subjects with multiple tumor types, including advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) (including bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, urethra), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer (OC), endometrial cancer (EC), hepatocellular cancer (HCC), gastric cancer / gastroesophageal junction cancer / lower esophageal cancer (GC / GEJC / LEC), colorectal cancer (CRC), head and neck (H&N) cancer, and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The study consists of two stages: in the Dose Escalation Stage, an appropriate recommended cabozantinib dose for the combination with standard dosing regimen of atezolizumab will be established; in the Expansion Stage, tumor-specific cohorts will be enrolled in order to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination treatment in these tumor indications. Three exploratory single-agent cabozantinib (SAC) cohorts may also be enrolled with UC, NSCLC, or CRPC subjects. One exploratory single-agent atezolizumab (SAA) cohort may also be enrolled with CRPC subjects. Subjects enrolled in the SAC cohorts and SAA cohort may receive combination treatment with both cabozantinib and atezolizumab after they experience radiographic progressive disease per the Investigator per RECIST 1.1. Due to the nature of this study design, some tumor cohorts may complete enrollment earlier than others.
    Location: 28 locations

  • Study of NGM120 in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors and Pancreatic Cancer Using Combination Therapy

    Study of NGM120 in subjects with advanced solid tumors and pancreatic cancer.
    Location: 14 locations

  • Dose Escalation and Expansion Study of FLX475 Monotherapy and in Combination With Pembrolizumab

    This clinical trial is a Phase 1 / 2, open-label, sequential-group, dose-escalation and cohort expansion study to determine the safety and preliminary anti-tumor activity of FLX475 as monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab. The study will be conducted in 2 parts, a dose-escalation phase (Part 1) and a cohort expansion phase (Part 2). In Part 1 of the study, subjects will be enrolled in sequential cohorts treated with successively higher doses of FLX475 as monotherapy or in combination with pembrolizumab. In Part 2 of the study, subjects will be initially enrolled in Stage 1 of parallel expansion cohorts of FLX475 as monotherapy or in combination with pembrolizumab.
    Location: 11 locations

  • A Study to Evaluate Enfortumab Vedotin in Subjects With Previously Treated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Malignant Solid Tumors (EV-202)

    The primary purpose of this study is to determine the antitumor activity of enfortumab vedotin as measured by confirmed objective response rate (ORR). This study will also assess other measures of antitumor activity; overall survival (OS); as well as the safety and tolerability of enfortumab vedotin.
    Location: 13 locations

  • A Study of LGK974 in Patients With Malignancies Dependent on Wnt Ligands

    This primary purpose of this study is to find the recommended dose of LGK974 as a single agent and in combination with PDR001 that can be safely given to adult patients with selected solid malignancies for whom no effective standard treatment is available.
    Location: 9 locations

  • A Study to Test Combination Treatments in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether Nivolumab in combination with other therapies is more effective than Nivolumab in combination with Ipilimumab in treating patients / subjects with advanced gastric cancer.
    Location: 11 locations

  • PRS-343 in HER2-Positive Solid Tumors

    A multi center, open-label, Phase 1 dose escalation study with expansion cohort is designed to determine the MTD, RP2D and dosing schedule of PRS-343 in patients with HER2+ advanced or metastatic solid tumors.
    Location: 7 locations

  • CGX1321 in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors and CGX1321 With Pembrolizumab in Subjects With Advanced GI Tumors (Keynote 596)

    This is a multicenter, open-label study conducted in two phases: Phase 1 consisting of a CGX1321 Single Agent Dose Escalation Phase in solid tumors, CGX1321 Single Agent Dose Expansion Phase in GI tumors and Roll-over Cohort of CGX1321 and pembrolizumab in subjects who have progressed on single agent CGX1321 and Phase 1b consisting of CGX1321 in combination with pembrolizumab in colorectal tumors. Both phases are to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Versus Placebo in Participants With Esophageal Carcinoma Who Are Receiving Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy (MK-3475-975 / KEYNOTE-975)

    The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of treatment with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) + pembrolizumab (MK-3475) compared to treatment with dCRT + placebo with respect to Overall Survival (OS) and Event-free survival (EFS) in: - participants with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), - participants whose tumors express Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥10, and - all participants. The primary study hypotheses are that dCRT+ pembrolizumab is better than dCRT + placebo with respect to: - OS in participants with ESCC, - OS in participants whose tumors express PD-L1 CPS ≥10, - OS in all participants, - EFS in participants with ESCC, - EFS in participants whose tumors express PD-L1 CPS ≥10, and - EFS in all participants.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of mRNA-4157 Alone in Participants With Resected Solid Tumors and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Participants With Unresectable Solid Tumors

    The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of mRNA-4157 alone in participants with resected solid tumors and in combination with pembrolizumab in participants with unresectable solid tumors.
    Location: 5 locations

  • APX005M With Concurrent Chemoradiation for Resectable Esophageal and Gastroesophageal Junction Cancers

    This pilot phase II trial studies the side effects of CD40 agonistic monoclonal antibody APX005M (APX005M), chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, and to see how well they work when given before surgery in treating patients with esophageal cancer or gastroesophageal cancer that can be removed by surgery. APX005M is intended to stimulate the body's own immune system so that the immune cells can more effectively invade and destroy the tumor, adding to the benefits of the chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving APX005M, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Nivolumab with or without Relatlimab before Chemoradiotherapy in Treating Patients with Operable Stage II-III Esophageal or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

    This phase Ib trial studies the side effects of nivolumab with or without relatlimab before chemoradiotherapy in treating patients with stage II-III esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer that can be removed by surgery (operable). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and relatlimab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving nivolumab with or without relatlimab prior to current chemoradiotherapy works better in treating patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Dose Escalation and Expansion Study of GSK3359609 in Participants With Selected Advanced Solid Tumors (INDUCE-1)

    GSK3359609 is an anti-Inducible T cell Co-Stimulator (ICOS) receptor agonist antibody intended for the treatment of cancers of different histology. This is a first-time-in-human (FTIH), open-label, multicenter study designed to investigate the safety, pharmacology, and preliminary antitumor activity in participants with selected, advanced or recurrent solid tumors with the aim to establish recommended dose(s) of GSK3359609 for further exploration as monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab, chemotherapy or other immune therapies. The study is comprised of two primary parts, each composed of two phases: Part 1: GSK3359609 monotherapy with Part 1A as dose escalation phase and Part 1B as cohort expansion phase; Part 2: GSK3359609 combination therapy with Part 2A pembrolizumab or GSK3174998 or dostarlimab or dostarlimab plus cobolimab or Bintrafusp alfa combination dose escalation phase and Part 2B expansion phase with pembrolizumab. Part 2A GSK3359609 combinations with chemotherapy will only consist of safety run-in cohorts. Each part and phase of the study includes a screening period, a treatment period, and a follow-up period. The primary objective of the study is to determine the safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose or the maximum administered dose of GSK3359609 alone or in combination.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Surpass: ADP-A2M4CD8 in HLA-A2+ Subjects With MAGE-A4 Positive Tumors

    This study will investigate the safety and tolerability of ADP-A2M4CD8 T-cell therapy in subjects who have the appropriate human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and tumor antigen status and whose synovial sarcoma, myxoid / round cell liposarcoma (MRCLS), melanoma, urothelial, head and neck, ovarian, gastric (stomach), esophagogastric junction (EGJ), non-small cell lung (NSCLC), or esophageal cancer that express the MAGE-A4 protein.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Nivolumab with or without Relatlimab in Treating Advanced Esophageal or Gastric Cancer

    This phase IB trial studies how well nivolumab with or without relatlimab works in treating patients with esophageal or gastric cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and relatlimab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 5 locations

  • This Study is to Evaluate Safe and Effective Treatment Dose of OBI-888 in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors.

    The purpose of this study is to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of OBI-888 as monotherapy. And to characterize the safety and preliminary clinical activity profile of the MTD dose of OBI-888 administered as monotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.
    Location: 5 locations

  • A Study of Multiple Immunotherapy-Based Treatment Combinations in Patients With Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer (G / GEJ) or Esophageal Cancer (Morpheus-Gastric and Esophageal Cancer)

    A Phase Ib / II, open label, multi-center, randomized study designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and preliminary anti-tumor activity of immunotherapy-based treatment combinations in patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic G / GEJ cancer (hereafter referred to as gastric cancer) and esophageal cancer. Two cohorts of patients with gastric cancer have been enrolled in parallel in this study: the second-line (2L) Gastric Cancer Cohort consists of patients with gastric cancer who have progressed after receiving a platinum-containing or fluoropyrimide-containing chemotherapy regimen in the first-line setting, and the first-line (1L) Gastric Cancer Cohort consists of patients with gastric cancer who have not received prior chemotherapy in this setting. In each cohort, eligible patients will be assigned to one of several treatment arms. Additionally, a cohort of patients with esophageal cancer who have not received prior systemic treatment for their disease will be enrolled in this study. Eligible patients will be randomized to chemotherapy or the combination of chemotherapy with checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy.
    Location: 6 locations

  • A Dose-escalation Study of ARX788, IV Administered in Subjects With Advanced Cancers With HER2 Expression

    This is a 2-part, Phase 1, open-label study. Phase 1a of this study is designed to determine the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) in subjects with advanced cancer whose HER2 test results are in situ hybridization (ISH) positive or immunohistochemistry (IHC) 3+ and Phase 1b is designed to assess anticancer activity and safety in 2 advanced breast cancer expansion cohorts: 1) for tumors that test as HER2 ISH positive or IHC3+ and, 2) for tumors that test as HER2 ISH negative with IHC 2+.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Study to Assess AFM24 in Advanced Solid Cancers

    AFM24-101 is a first in human Phase 1 / 2a open-label, non-randomized, multi-center, multiple ascending dose escalation / expansion study evaluating AFM24 as monotherapy in patients with advanced solid malignancies whose disease has progressed after treatment with previous anticancer therapies. There will be two parts to this study: a dose escalation phase (1) and a dose expansion phase (2a). The aim of the dose escalation phase is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and establish the recommended Phase 2a dose (RP2D). The dose escalation phase will be followed by the dose expansion phase once the MTD / RP2D of AFM24 monotherapy has been determined. The dose expansion phase of the study using the MTD / P2D is intended to collect preliminary evidence of efficacy and to further confirm the safety of AFM24 as a monotherapy. The expansion phase will have 4 arms based on tumor type of metastatic colorectal cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. AFM24 is a tetravalent bispecific (anti-human EGFR x anti-human CD16A) innate immune cell engaging recombinant antibody construct being developed to target EGFR-expressing solid tumors . and has been designed to specifically utilize the cytotoxic potential of the innate immune system, in particular natural killer cells and macrophages for the specific and efficient elimination of EGFR-positive cancer cells.
    Location: 4 locations


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