Treatment Clinical Trials for Rectal Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for rectal cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 50
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  • Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1201 locations

  • Vitamin D3 with Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients with Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer, SOLARIS Trial

    This phase III trial studies how well vitamin D3 given with standard chemotherapy and bevacizumab works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (advanced or metastatic). Vitamin D3 helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Vitamin D3 may also modulate the immune system and is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of cancer. Chemotherapy drugs, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is a substance made by cells that helps the formation of new blood vessels. Bevacizumab may prevent the growth of new blood vessels that tumors need to grow. Giving vitamin D3 with chemotherapy and bevacizumab may work better in shrinking or stabilizing colorectal cancer. It is not yet known whether giving high-dose vitamin D3 in addition to chemotherapy and bevacizumab would extend patients time without disease compared to the usual approach (chemotherapy and bevacizumab).
    Location: 878 locations

  • Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab or Cetuximab and Irinotecan Hydrochloride in Treating Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic HER2 / Neu Amplified Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well trastuzumab and pertuzumab work compared to cetuximab and irinotecan hydrochloride in treating patients with HER2 / neu amplified colorectal cancer that has spread from where it started to other places in the body (advanced / metastatic) and cannot be removed by surgery. Trastuzumab is a form of “targeted therapy” because it works by attaching itself to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as HER2 receptors. When trastuzumab attaches to HER2 receptors, the signals that tell the cells to grow are blocked and the cancer cell may be marked for destruction by the body’s immune system. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pertuzumab and cetuximab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving trastuzumab and pertuzumab may work better compared to cetuximab and irinotecan hydrochloride in treating patients with colorectal cancer.
    Location: 741 locations

  • Savolitinib in Treating Patients with MET Amplified Metastatic or Unresectable Colorectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well savolitinib works in treating patients with MET amplified colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Savolitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 28 locations

  • Tucatinib Plus Trastuzumab in Patients With HER2+ Colorectal Cancer

    This trial studies how well the drug tucatinib works when given with trastuzumab and when given by itself. The participants in this trial have HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). 'Metastatic' means that the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. In the first part of this study, participants enrolled into Cohort A and received both tucatinib and trastuzumab. In the second part of this study, participants are randomly assigned to either Cohort B or Cohort C. Participants in Cohort B will receive tucatinib and trastuzumab. Participants in Cohort C will receive tucatinib. Participants in Cohort C who do not respond to therapy may have an option to receive tucatinib plus trastuzumab.
    Location: 22 locations

  • Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision with Laparoscopic Assistance in Treating Patients with Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well transanal mesorectal excision with laparoscopic assistance works in treating patients with rectal cancer. Transanal mesorectal excision with laparoscopic assistance is a procedure that combines standard laparoscopy, or multiple small abdominal incisions, with surgery through the anus in order to remove rectal cancer, and it may work better in treating patients with rectal cancer.
    Location: 12 locations

  • A Phase Ib Study to Evaluate the Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics of Cibisatamab in Combination With Atezolizumab After Pretreatment With Obinutuzumab in Participants With Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

    CO40939 is a Phase Ib, open-label, multicenter, single-arm study designed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and immunogenicity of cibisatamab in combination with atezolizumab administered after pretreatment with obinutuzumab in patients with Stage IV microsatellite stable (MSS) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) whose tumors have high carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5 (CEACAM5) expression and who have progressed on two or more chemotherapy regimens. The study is composed of a safety run-in and an exploratory part.
    Location: 11 locations

  • Cabozantinib-S-Malate and Panitumumab in Treating Patients with Colorectal Cancer That is Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This phase Ib / II trial studies the safety and best dose of cabozantinib-s-malate when given together with panitumumab in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Cabozantinib-s-malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as panitumumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread Giving cabozantinib-s-malate with panitumumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Panitumumab, Regorafenib, or TAS-102, in Treating Patients with Metastatic and / or Unresectable RAS Wild-Type Colorectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well retreatment with panitumumab works compared to standard of care regorafenib or trifluridine and tipiracil hydrochloride (TAS-102) in treating patients with colorectal cancer that is negative for RAS wild-type colorectal cancer has spread to other places in the body (metastatic), and / or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), and is negative for resistance mutations in blood. Treatment with panitumumab may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Some tumors need growth factors to keep growing. Growth factor antagonists, such as regorafenib, may interfere with the growth factor and stop the tumor from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as TAS-102, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving panitumumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer than with the usual treatment of regorafenib or TAS-102.
    Location: 18 locations

  • A Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Multiple Immunotherapy-Based Treatment Combinations in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (Morpheus-CRC)

    A phase Ib / II, open-label, multicenter, randomized study designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and preliminary anti-tumor activity of immunotherapy-based treatment combinations in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that became refractory to first- and second-line standard therapies. Eligible patients will be assigned to one of several treatment arms.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Dostarlimab before Chemoradiotherapy and Surgery for the Treatment of Locally Advanced Mismatch Repair Deficiency or Microsatellite Instability Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well dostarlimab (TSR-042) before standard chemoradiotherapy and surgery works in treating patients with mismatch repair deficiency or microsatellite instability rectal cancer that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Dostarlimab is a type of medication called an antibody, which is a protein made by the immune system to protect the body from harm. Dostarlimab blocks another protein (programmed cell death receptor-1, or PD-1) that usually acts as a “brake” on the immune system. Blocking this protein is like releasing the brakes, so that the immune system can target tumor cells and kill them.
    Location: 7 locations

  • A Study of RO7198457 as a Single Agent and in Combination With Atezolizumab in Participants With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Tumors

    This is a Phase 1a / 1b, open-label, multicenter, global, dose-escalation study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, immune response, and pharmacokinetics of RO7198457 as a single agent and in combination with atezolizumab (MPDL3280A, an engineered anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [anti-PD-L1] antibody).
    Location: 10 locations

  • High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Locally Recurrent or Residual Rectal or Anal Cancer Undergoing Non-operative Management

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of high-dose-rate brachytherapy when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with rectal or anal cancer that has come back or gotten worse and cannot be treated with surgery. Brachytherapy, also known as internal radiation therapy, uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. High-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy uses the radioactive material to deliver a high radiation dose in a short period of time to the tumor. It may also send less radiation to nearby healthy tissues and may reduce the risk of side effects. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving HDR brachytherapy together with capecitabine or fluorouracil may kill more tumor cells.
    Location: 6 locations

  • FOLFOXIRI Plus Panitumumab in Metastatic RAS Wild-type, Left-sided Colorectal Cancer

    This is a phase II, open-label, non-randomized study in subjects with histologically confirmed diagnosis of left-sided RAS WT advanced adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum who have not received prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease.
    Location: 5 locations

  • Study of Peposertib in Combination With Capecitabine and Radiotherapy in Rectal Cancer

    The main purpose of the study is to define maximum tolerated dose (MTD), recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) of Peposertib in combination with capecitabine and radiotherapy (RT) in Phase Ib and to evaluate the efficacy of Peposertib in terms of Pathological Clinical Response (pCR) / Clinical Complete Response (cCR) when administered in combination with capecitabine and RT versus placebo, capecitabine, and RT in Phase II.
    Location: 5 locations

  • TAS-102, Irinotecan, and Bevacizumab for the Treatment of Pre-treated Metastatic or Unresectable Colorectal Cancer, the TABAsCO Study

    This phase II trial studies how well TAS-102, irinotecan, and bevacizumab work in treating patients with pre-treated colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as TAS-102, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Irinotecan may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving TAS-102, irinotecan, and bevacizumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer compared to traditional chemotherapy and bevacizumab.
    Location: 3 locations

  • A Study to Evaluate U3-1402 in Subjects With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    This study is designed to primarily evaluate the safety and efficacy of U3-1402 in participants with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) who have received at least 2 prior lines of therapy and will explore clinical benefit according to human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) tumor expression level in otherwise refractory tumors.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients with Oligometastatic Disease

    This phase II trial studies how well stereotactic radiosurgery works in treating patients with cancer that has spread to 5 or fewer places in the body and involves 3 or fewer organs (oligometastatic disease). Stereotactic radiosurgery, also known as stereotactic body radiation therapy, is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue.
    Location: 3 locations

  • Preservation of Organs in Participants with Early Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies preservation of organs in patients with early rectal cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and calcium fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy), and giving them after local excision may kill more tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells and allow doctors to save the part of the body where the cancer started.
    Location: 2 locations

  • HPV Vaccine PRGN-2009 Alone or in Combination With Anti-PDL1 / TGF-Beta Trap (M7824) in Subjects With HPV Associated Cancers

    Background: For some cancers associated with human papillomavirus (HPV), standard treatments are not helpful. Researchers want to see if a vaccine for HPV combined with a drug called M7824 has a better effect on these cancers than when they work alone. Objective: To find a safe dose of HPV vaccine alone or combined with M7824. Also, to test if either HPV vaccine alone or combined with M7824 causes a better immune response. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with locally advanced or metastatic HPV associated cancer (Phase I) or stage II or III p16-positive oropharyngeal cancer (Phase II) Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood, urine, and heart tests Possible photos of skin lesions CT, MRI, or nuclear bone scan: Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. For the CT scan, they may have a contrast agent injected into a vein. Participants may have up to 2 tumor biopsies. For participants in Phase II, this may be performed with a thin tube placed through the nose into the airway. Participants will receive the HPV vaccine alone or with M7824. For participants on the Phase II, they will receive two doses of HPV vaccine under the skin either alone or with M7824 as an infusion spaced two weeks apart. This will be done prior to their planned chemoradiation or surgery. For participants on the Phase I, they will get the HPV vaccine injected under the skin 2 to 3 times in the first month. Then they will have a booster every 4 weeks. They will receive M7824 as an infusion into a vein every 2 weeks. Treatment will last up to 1 year. After they stop treatment, participants will have a visit within 4 weeks. They will then be contacted for long-term follow-up every year, for the rest of their lives. ...
    Location: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland

  • Pembrolizumab with Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy before Surgery for the Treatment of Stage II-IV Rectal Cancer

    This phase I trial investigates the side effects of pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery, and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II-IV rectal cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the tumor, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as capecitabine and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving pembrolizumab with chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and may prevent cancer from returning.
    Location: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, Ohio

  • Combination Immunotherapy in Subjects With Advanced HPV Associated Malignancies

    Background: More than 30,000 cases of human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers occur annually in the United States. When these cancers spread, they do not respond well to standard treatments and are often incurable. Researchers want to see if a mix of drugs can help. Objective: To learn if a mix of immunotherapy drugs can shrink tumors in people with HPV associated cancers. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with locally advanced or metastatic HPV associated cancer, such as cervical cancers; P16+ oropharyngeal cancers; anal cancers; vulvar, vaginal, penile, and squamous cell rectal cancers; or other locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors (e.g., lung, esophagus) that are known HPV+ cancers Design: Participants will be screened with: - medical history - disease confirmation (or tumor biopsy) - physical exam - body scans (CT, MRI, and / or nuclear) - blood tests - electrocardiogram (to measure the electrical activity of the heart) - urine tests. Participants will get PDS0101 injected under the skin every 4 weeks for 6 doses. Then they will get it every 3 months for 2 doses. Participants will get M7824 by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks. For this, a needle is inserted into a vein. The drug is given over a 1-hour period. Participants will get NHS-IL12 injected under the skin every 4 weeks. Participants will get the study drugs for up to 1 year. They will visit the NIH every 2 weeks. They will repeat the screening tests during the study. About 28 days after treatment ends, participants will have a follow-up visit or telephone call. Then they will be contacted every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months after that, for the rest of their life....
    Location: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland

  • Heated Intra-peritoneal Chemotherapy with Doxorubicin and Cisplatin for the Treatment of Resectable, Refractory, or Recurrent Abdominal or Pelvic Tumors in Pediatric Patients, T.O.A.S.T. I.T. Study

    This early phase I trial studies how well heated intra-peritoneal chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cisplatin work for the treatment of abdominal or pelvic tumors that can be removed by surgery (resectable), does not respond to treatment (refractory), or has come back (recurrent). Heated intra-peritoneal chemotherapy is a procedure performed in combination with abdominal surgery for cancer that has spread to the abdomen. It involves the infusion of a heated chemotherapy solution that circulates into the abdominal cavity. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Heating a chemotherapy solution and infusing it directly into the abdomen may kill more cells.
    Location: Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota

  • Comparing Length of Treatment with Immunotherapy in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors

    This phase III trial compares 1 year immunotherapy treatment versus continuous immunotherapy treatment beyond 1 year in patients with solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body (advanced). Immunotherapy such as pembrolizumab, nivolumab, atezolizumab, durvalumab, and avelumab are drugs given through a vein to the entire body to activate the immune system. Comparing the treatment lengths may help doctors determine the ideal length of time for treatment with immunotherapy in patients with solid tumors.
    Location: University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • APX005M, mFOLFOX Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy for the Treatment of Stage II-IV Rectal Cancer, The INNATE Trial

    This phase II trial investigates how well APX005M, modified (m)FOLFOX chemotherapy regimen (fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin), and radiation therapy works in treating patients with rectal cancer. APX005M is a type of immunotherapy called a monoclonal antibody which may help treat cancer by strengthening the immune system. Chemotherapy drugs, such as fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. The addition of APX005M to mFOLFOX (standard of care chemotherapy for rectal cancer) and radiation therapy may help improve response rates and long-term outcomes in treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer patients.
    Location: 2 locations


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