Treatment Clinical Trials for Rectal Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for rectal cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 54
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  • Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1199 locations

  • Vitamin D3 with Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients with Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer, SOLARIS Trial

    This phase III trial studies how well vitamin D3 given with standard chemotherapy and bevacizumab works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (advanced or metastatic). Vitamin D3 helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Vitamin D3 may also modulate the immune system and is being studied in the prevention and treatment of some types of cancer. Chemotherapy drugs, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is a substance made by cells that helps the formation of new blood vessels. Bevacizumab may prevent the growth of new blood vessels that tumors need to grow. Giving vitamin D3 with chemotherapy and bevacizumab may work better in shrinking or stabilizing colorectal cancer. It is not yet known whether giving high-dose vitamin D3 in addition to chemotherapy and bevacizumab would extend patients time without disease compared to the usual approach (chemotherapy and bevacizumab).
    Location: 900 locations

  • Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab or Cetuximab and Irinotecan Hydrochloride in Treating Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic HER2 / Neu Amplified Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well trastuzumab and pertuzumab work compared to cetuximab and irinotecan hydrochloride in treating patients with HER2 / neu amplified colorectal cancer that has spread from where it started to other places in the body (advanced / metastatic) and cannot be removed by surgery. Trastuzumab is a form of “targeted therapy” because it works by attaching itself to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as HER2 receptors. When trastuzumab attaches to HER2 receptors, the signals that tell the cells to grow are blocked and the cancer cell may be marked for destruction by the body’s immune system. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pertuzumab and cetuximab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving trastuzumab and pertuzumab may work better compared to cetuximab and irinotecan hydrochloride in treating patients with colorectal cancer.
    Location: 735 locations

  • Savolitinib in Treating Patients with MET Amplified Metastatic or Unresectable Colorectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well savolitinib works in treating patients with MET amplified colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Savolitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 30 locations

  • Tucatinib Plus Trastuzumab in Patients With HER2+ Colorectal Cancer

    This trial studies how well the drug tucatinib works when given with trastuzumab and when given by itself. The participants in this trial have HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). 'Metastatic' means that the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. In the first part of this study, participants enrolled into Cohort A and received both tucatinib and trastuzumab. In the second part of this study, participants are randomly assigned to either Cohort B or Cohort C. Participants in Cohort B will receive tucatinib and trastuzumab. Participants in Cohort C will receive tucatinib. Participants in Cohort C who do not respond to therapy may have an option to receive tucatinib plus trastuzumab.
    Location: 23 locations

  • Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision with Laparoscopic Assistance in Treating Patients with Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well transanal mesorectal excision with laparoscopic assistance works in treating patients with rectal cancer. Transanal mesorectal excision with laparoscopic assistance is a procedure that combines standard laparoscopy, or multiple small abdominal incisions, with surgery through the anus in order to remove rectal cancer, and it may work better in treating patients with rectal cancer.
    Location: 12 locations

  • Panitumumab, Regorafenib, or TAS-102, in Treating Patients with Metastatic and / or Unresectable RAS Wild-Type Colorectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well retreatment with panitumumab works compared to standard of care regorafenib or trifluridine and tipiracil hydrochloride (TAS-102) in treating patients with colorectal cancer that is negative for RAS wild-type colorectal cancer has spread to other places in the body (metastatic), and / or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable), and is negative for resistance mutations in blood. Treatment with panitumumab may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Some tumors need growth factors to keep growing. Growth factor antagonists, such as regorafenib, may interfere with the growth factor and stop the tumor from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as TAS-102, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving panitumumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer than with the usual treatment of regorafenib or TAS-102.
    Location: 16 locations

  • A Phase Ib Study to Evaluate the Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics of Cibisatamab in Combination With Atezolizumab After Pretreatment With Obinutuzumab in Participants With Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

    CO40939 is a Phase Ib, open-label, multicenter, single-arm study designed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and immunogenicity of cibisatamab in combination with atezolizumab administered after pretreatment with obinutuzumab in patients with Stage IV microsatellite stable (MSS) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) whose tumors have high carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5 (CEACAM5) expression and who have progressed on two or more chemotherapy regimens. The study is composed of a safety run-in and an exploratory part.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Cabozantinib-S-Malate and Panitumumab in Treating Patients with Colorectal Cancer That is Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

    This phase Ib / II trial studies the safety and best dose of cabozantinib-s-malate when given together with panitumumab in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Cabozantinib-s-malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as panitumumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread Giving cabozantinib-s-malate with panitumumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer.
    Location: 8 locations

  • A Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Multiple Immunotherapy-Based Treatment Combinations in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (Morpheus-CRC)

    A phase Ib / II, open-label, multicenter, randomized study designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and preliminary anti-tumor activity of immunotherapy-based treatment combinations in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that became refractory to first- and second-line standard therapies. Eligible patients will be assigned to one of several treatment arms.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Dostarlimab before Chemoradiotherapy and Surgery for the Treatment of Locally Advanced Mismatch Repair Deficiency or Microsatellite Instability Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well dostarlimab (TSR-042) before standard chemoradiotherapy and surgery works in treating patients with mismatch repair deficiency or microsatellite instability rectal cancer that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Dostarlimab is a type of medication called an antibody, which is a protein made by the immune system to protect the body from harm. Dostarlimab blocks another protein (programmed cell death receptor-1, or PD-1) that usually acts as a “brake” on the immune system. Blocking this protein is like releasing the brakes, so that the immune system can target tumor cells and kill them.
    Location: 7 locations

  • A Study of Autogene Cevumeran (RO7198457) as a Single Agent and in Combination With Atezolizumab in Participants With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Tumors

    This is a Phase 1a / 1b, open-label, multicenter, global, dose-escalation study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, immune response, and pharmacokinetics of autogene cevumeran (RO7198457) as a single agent and in combination with atezolizumab (MPDL3280A, an engineered anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [anti-PD-L1] antibody).
    Location: 10 locations

  • High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Locally Recurrent or Residual Rectal or Anal Cancer Undergoing Non-operative Management

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of high-dose-rate brachytherapy when given together with chemotherapy in treating patients with rectal or anal cancer that has come back or gotten worse and cannot be treated with surgery. Brachytherapy, also known as internal radiation therapy, uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. High-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy uses the radioactive material to deliver a high radiation dose in a short period of time to the tumor. It may also send less radiation to nearby healthy tissues and may reduce the risk of side effects. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving HDR brachytherapy together with capecitabine or fluorouracil may kill more tumor cells.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Study of Peposertib in Combination With Capecitabine and Radiotherapy in Rectal Cancer

    The main purpose of the study is to define maximum tolerated dose (MTD), recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) of Peposertib in combination with capecitabine and radiotherapy (RT) in Phase Ib and to evaluate the efficacy of Peposertib in terms of Pathological Clinical Response (pCR) / Clinical Complete Response (cCR) when administered in combination with capecitabine and RT versus placebo, capecitabine, and RT in Phase II.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Testing the Addition of a Radiation Sensitizing Drug, IPdR, to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment (Capecitabine) during Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ropidoxuridine and how well it works when added to the usual chemotherapy treatment (capecitabine) during radiation therapy for the treatment of patients with stage II-III rectal cancer. Ropidoxuridine may help radiation therapy work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the radiation therapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. This study is being done to find out whether ropidoxuridine in addition to capecitabine and radiation therapy works better in treating patients with rectal cancer.
    Location: 4 locations

  • FOLFOXIRI Plus Panitumumab in Metastatic RAS Wild-type, Left-sided Colorectal Cancer

    This is a phase II, open-label, non-randomized study in subjects with histologically confirmed diagnosis of left-sided RAS WT advanced adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum who have not received prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease.
    Location: 5 locations

  • TAS-102, Irinotecan, and Bevacizumab for the Treatment of Pre-treated Metastatic or Unresectable Colorectal Cancer, the TABAsCO Study

    This phase II trial studies how well TAS-102, irinotecan, and bevacizumab work in treating patients with pre-treated colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as TAS-102, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Irinotecan may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving TAS-102, irinotecan, and bevacizumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer compared to traditional chemotherapy and bevacizumab.
    Location: 4 locations

  • A Study to Evaluate U3-1402 in Subjects With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    This study is designed to primarily evaluate the safety and efficacy of U3-1402 in participants with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) who have received at least 2 prior lines of therapy and will explore clinical benefit according to human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) tumor expression level in otherwise refractory tumors.
    Location: 6 locations

  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients with Oligometastatic Disease

    This phase II trial studies how well stereotactic radiosurgery works in treating patients with cancer that has spread to 5 or fewer places in the body and involves 3 or fewer organs (oligometastatic disease). Stereotactic radiosurgery, also known as stereotactic body radiation therapy, is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue.
    Location: 3 locations

  • APX005M, mFOLFOX Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy for the Treatment of Stage II-IV Rectal Cancer, The INNATE Trial

    This phase II trial investigates how well APX005M, modified (m)FOLFOX chemotherapy regimen (fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin), and radiation therapy works in treating patients with rectal cancer. APX005M is a type of immunotherapy called a monoclonal antibody which may help treat cancer by strengthening the immune system. Chemotherapy drugs, such as fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. The addition of APX005M to mFOLFOX (standard of care chemotherapy for rectal cancer) and radiation therapy may help improve response rates and long-term outcomes in treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer patients.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Stage I-IIIB Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well patients with stage I-IIIB rectal cancer respond to a short course of radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy. Radiation therapy uses high energy beams to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, leucovorin, fluorouracil, and capecitabine work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. A combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy may prevent patients from needing surgery, could delay their need for surgery, or may mean that they need less drastic surgery and could potentially avoid a permanent ostomy (a surgically created connection between the intestine and the abdominal wall that allows for elimination of stool).
    Location: 2 locations

  • A Study of Select Drug Combinations in Adult Patients With Advanced / Metastatic BRAF V600 Colorectal Cancer

    A phase Ib, open-label platform study of select drug combinations chosen in order to characterize safety and tolerability of each treatment arm tested and to identify recommended doses and regimens for future studies.
    Location: 3 locations

  • Preservation of Organs in Participants with Early Rectal Cancer

    This phase II trial studies preservation of organs in patients with early rectal cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and calcium fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy), and giving them after local excision may kill more tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells and allow doctors to save the part of the body where the cancer started.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Short Course Radiation Therapy and Combination Chemotherapy for the Treatment of Stage II-III Rectal Cancer

    This phase I trial investigates how well short-course radiation therapy followed by combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with stage II-III rectal cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Chemotherapy drugs, such as leucovorin, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving short-course radiation therapy and combination chemotherapy may reduce the need for surgery and therefore improve quality of life.
    Location: UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California

  • LY3214996 and Cetuximab Alone or in Combination with Abemaciclib for the Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    This phase Ib / II trial investigates the side effects and best dose of LY3214996 when given together with cetuximab alone or in combination with abemaciclib and to see how well they work in treating patients with colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable) and / or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. LY3214996 and abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving LY3214996 and cetuximab alone or in combination with abemaciclib may help treat patients with colorectal cancer.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas


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