Treatment Clinical Trials for Thyroid Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for thyroid cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 40
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  • Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1188 locations

  • Cabozantinib-S-Malate in Treating Younger Patients with Recurrent, Refractory, or Newly Diagnosed Sarcomas, Wilms Tumor, or Other Rare Tumors

    This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib-s-malate works in treating younger patients with sarcomas, Wilms tumor, or other rare tumors that have come back, do not respond to therapy, or are newly diagnosed. Cabozantinib-s-malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for tumor growth and tumor blood vessel growth.
    Location: 137 locations

  • Phase 1 / 2 Study of LOXO-292 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, RET Fusion-Positive Solid Tumors, and Medullary Thyroid Cancer

    This is a Phase 1 / 2, open-label, first-in-human study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary anti-tumor activity of LOXO-292 administered orally to patients with advanced solid tumors, including RET-fusion-positive solid tumors, medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and other tumors with RET activation.
    Location: 31 locations

  • Basket Study of Entrectinib (RXDX-101) for the Treatment of Patients With Solid Tumors Harboring NTRK 1 / 2 / 3 (Trk A / B / C), ROS1, or ALK Gene Rearrangements (Fusions)

    This is an open-label, multicenter, global Phase 2 basket study of entrectinib (RXDX-101) for the treatment of patients with solid tumors that harbor an NTRK1 / 2 / 3, ROS1, or ALK gene fusion. Patients will be assigned to different baskets according to tumor type and gene fusion.
    Location: 26 locations

  • Study of Cabozantinib in Combination With Atezolizumab to Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

    This is a multicenter Phase 1b, open-label study to assess safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of cabozantinib taken in combination with atezolizumab in subjects with multiple tumor types, including advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) (including bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, urethra), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer (OC), endometrial cancer (EC), hepatocellular cancer (HCC), gastric cancer / gastroesophageal junction cancer / lower esophageal cancer (GC / GEJC / LEC), colorectal cancer (CRC), head and neck (H&N) cancer, and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The study consists of two stages: in the Dose Escalation Stage, an appropriate recommended cabozantinib dose for the combination with standard dosing regimen of atezolizumab will be established; in the Expansion Stage, tumor-specific cohorts will be enrolled in order to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination treatment in these tumor indications. Three exploratory single-agent cabozantinib (SAC) cohorts may also be enrolled with UC, NSCLC, or CRPC subjects. One exploratory single-agent atezolizumab (SAA) cohort may also be enrolled with CRPC subjects. Due to the nature of this study design, some tumor cohorts may complete enrollment earlier than others.
    Location: 22 locations

  • Enapotamab Vedotin (HuMax-AXL-ADC) Safety Study in Patients With Solid Tumors

    The purpose of the trial is to determine the maximum tolerated dose and to establish the safety profile of HuMax-AXL-ADC in a mixed population of patients with specified solid tumors
    Location: 18 locations

  • Phase 1 / 2 Study of the Highly-selective RET Inhibitor, Pralsetinib (BLU-667), in Patients With Thyroid Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, and Other Advanced Solid Tumors

    This is a Phase 1 / 2, open-label, first-in-human (FIH) study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and preliminary antineoplastic activity of pralsetinib (BLU-667) administered orally in patients with medullary thyroid cancer, RET-altered NSCLC and other RET-altered solid tumors.
    Location: 16 locations

  • A Study of Cabozantinib Compared With Placebo in Subjects With Radioiodine-refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Who Have Progressed After Prior VEGFR-targeted Therapy

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of cabozantinib compared with placebo on progression free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR) in subjects with Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC) who have progressed after prior VEGFR-Targeted therapy.
    Location: 14 locations

  • Phase II Study of Tipifarnib in Squamous Head and Neck Cancer With HRAS Mutations

    Phase II study to investigate the antitumor activity in terms of objective response rate (ORR) of tipifarnib in subjects with advanced tumors that carry HRAS mutations and for whom there is no standard curative therapy available. Note; Only cohort 2 (Head & Neck SCC) and cohort 3 (Other SCC) are currently open
    Location: 11 locations

  • Iodine I-131 with or without Selumetinib in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Thyroid Cancer

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well iodine I-131 works with or without selumetinib in treating patients with thyroid cancer that has returned or has spread from where it started to other places in the body. Many thyroid cancers absorb iodine. Due to this, doctors often give radioactive iodine (iodine I-131) alone to treat thyroid cancer as part of standard practice. It is thought that the more thyroid tumors are able to absorb radioactive iodine, the more likely it is that the radioactive iodine will cause those tumors to shrink. Selumetinib may help radioactive iodine work better in patients whose tumors still absorb radioactive iodine. It is not yet known whether iodine I-131 is more effective with or without selumetinib in treating thyroid cancer.
    Location: 10 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors (MK-3475-158 / KEYNOTE-158)

    In this study, participants with multiple types of advanced (unresectable and / or metastatic) solid tumors that have progressed on standard of care therapy will be treated with pembrolizumab.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Iodine I-131, Recombinant Thyrotropin Alfa, and Durvalumab in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Thyroid Cancer

    This pilot early phase I trial studies the side effects of iodine I-131, recombinant thyrotropin alfa, and durvalumab in treating patients with thyroid cancer that has come back after a period of improvement or that has spread to other parts of the body. Iodine I-131 is a radioactive form of iodine used to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Recombinant thyrotropin alfa may maximize the amount of iodine I-131 taken up by tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving iodine I-131, recombinant thyrotropin alfa, and durvalumab may work better in treating patients with thyroid cancer.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Lenvatinib and pembrolizumab in DTC

    This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab and lenvatinib work in treating patients with differentiated thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body or has come back and cannot be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 7 locations

  • PEN-221 in Somatostatin Receptor 2 Expressing Advanced Cancers Including Neuroendocrine and Small Cell Lung Cancers

    Protocol PEN-221-001 is an open-label, multicenter Phase 1 / 2a study evaluating PEN-221 in patients with SSTR2 expressing advanced gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) or lung or thymus or other neuroendocrine tumors or small cell lung cancer or large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Testing the Combination of Cabozantinib, Nivolumab, and Ipilimumab (CaboNivoIpi) for Advanced Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab work in treating patients with differentiated thyroid cancer that does not respond to radioactive iodine and that worsened after treatment with a drug targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), a protein needed to form blood vessels. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cabozantinib, nivolumab and ipilimumab may work better than the usual approach consisting of chemotherapy with drugs such as doxorubicin, sorafenib, and lenvatinib for this type of thyroid cancer.
    Location: 3 locations

  • Sapanisertib in Treating Patients with Newly Diagnosed or Refractory / Metastatic Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

    This phase I / II trial studies the side effects and best dose of sapanisertib and to see how well it works in treating patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer that is newly diagnosed or has not responded to previous treatment (refractory) and has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Sapanisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 3 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Refractory Thyroid Cancer

    This randomized phase II trials studies how well nivolumab and ipilimumab work treating patients with thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Stereotactic or Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of stereotactic or hypofractionated radiation therapy in treating patients with head and neck cancer that has returned after a period of improvement or has spread to other places in the body. Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. This method can kill tumor cells with fewer doses over a shorter period and cause less damage to normal tissue. Hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells and have fewer side effects. Giving stereotactic and hypofractionated radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with head and neck cancer.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Ponatinib for the Treatment of Advanced and Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well ponatinib works in treating patients with medullary thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced and metastatic). Ponatinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: NYP / Columbia University Medical Center / Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, New York

  • Adaptive Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy in Treating Patients with Advanced Differentiated Thyroid Cancer or Medullary Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well adaptive tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy works in treating patients with differentiated thyroid cancer or medullary thyroid cancer that has spread extensively to other anatomic sites or is no longer responding to treatment. Lenvatinib, sorafenib, cabozantinib, or vandetanib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving tyrosine kinase inhibitors at certain time points may work better than continuous treatment.
    Location: Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida

  • Lenvatinib and Iodine I-131 in Treating Patients with Radioactive Iodine-Sensitive Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well lenvatinib works when given together with standard of care iodine I-131 in treating patients with radioactive iodine-sensitive differentiated thyroid cancer. Lenvatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: Emory University Hospital / Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, Georgia

  • Donor Natural Killer Cells, Cyclophosphamide, and Etoposide in Treating Children and Young Adults with Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of cord blood-derived expanded allogeneic natural killer cells (donor natural killer [NK] cells) and also how well they work when given together with cyclophosphamide and etoposide in treating children and young adults with solid tumors that have come back (relapsed) or that do not respond to treatment (refractory). NK cells, white blood cells important to the immune system, are donated / collected from cord blood collected at birth from healthy babies and grown in the lab. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving NK cells together with cyclophosphamide and etoposide may work better in treating children and young adults with solid tumors.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • Pembrolizumab and Docetaxel in Treating Participants with Poorly Chemo-Responsive and Unresectable Thyroid and Salivary Gland Cancers

    This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab and docetaxel work in treating participants with poorly chemo-responsive thyroid and salivary gland cancers that cannot be removed by surgery. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab and docetaxel may work better in treating participants with thyroid and salivary gland cancers.
    Location: University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chicago, Illinois

  • Atezolizumab with Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Anaplastic or Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well atezolizumab in combination with chemotherapy works in treating patients with anaplastic or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Vemurafenib and cobimetinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs such as nab-paclitaxel and paclitaxel work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial is being done to see if atezolizumab in combination with chemotherapy works better in treating patients with anaplastic or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer compared to standard treatments.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

  • Cyclophosphamide and Sirolimus and in Treating Patients with Metastatic, Radioiodine-Refractory Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well cyclophosphamide and sirolimus work in treating patients with thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body and does not respond to treatment with radioiodine. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Sirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving cyclophosphamide and sirolimus may work better in treating patients with thyroid cancer.
    Location: University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan


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