Treatment Clinical Trials for Thyroid Cancer

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are for thyroid cancer treatment. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 45
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  • Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients with Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.
    Location: 1201 locations

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Rare Tumors

    This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05 / 10 / 2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10 / 17 / 2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03 / 20 / 2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03 / 30 / 2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non-seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07 / 27 / 2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) (closed to accrual) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12 / 19 / 2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant (closed to accrual) 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex (closed to accrual) 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09 / 19 / 2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11 / 29 / 2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06 / 27 / 2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12 / 22 / 2017) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact:] (closed to accrual 03 / 15 / 2019) 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02 / 06 / 2018) 35. Vulvar cancer (temporarily closed to accrual) 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) (closed to accrual) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09 / 26 / 2018) 38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) 39. Apocrine tumors / extramammary Paget’s disease (closed to accrual) 40. Peritoneal mesothelioma (temporarily closed to accrual 05 / 08 / 2020) 41. Basal cell carcinoma (temporarily closed to accrual 04 / 29 / 2020) 42. Clear cell cervical cancer 43. Esthenioneuroblastoma (closed to accrual) 44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) 45. Clear cell ovarian cancer (closed to accrual) 46. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) 47. Gallbladder cancer 48. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type 49. PD-L1 amplified tumors 50. Angiosarcoma 51. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 52). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible (temporarily closed to accrual 03 / 25 / 2020) 52. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)
    Location: 911 locations

  • Tipifarnib for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors, Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders with HRAS Gene Alterations, a Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial

    This phase II pediatric MATCH trial studies how well tipifarnib works in treating patients with solid tumors that have recurred or spread to other places in the body (advanced), lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders, that have a genetic alteration in the gene HRAS. Tipifarnib may block the growth of cancer cells that have specific genetic changes in a gene called HRAS and may reduce tumor size.
    Location: 167 locations

  • Phase 1 / 2 Study of LOXO-292 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, RET Fusion-Positive Solid Tumors, and Medullary Thyroid Cancer

    This is a Phase 1 / 2, open-label, first-in-human study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary anti-tumor activity of selpercatinib (also known as LOXO-292) administered orally to patients with advanced solid tumors, including RET-fusion-positive solid tumors, medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and other tumors with RET activation.
    Location: 27 locations

  • Study of Cabozantinib in Combination With Atezolizumab to Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

    This is a multicenter Phase 1b, open-label study to assess safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of cabozantinib taken in combination with atezolizumab in subjects with multiple tumor types, including advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) (including bladder, renal pelvis, ureter, urethra), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), ovarian cancer (OC), endometrial cancer (EC), hepatocellular cancer (HCC), gastric cancer / gastroesophageal junction cancer / lower esophageal cancer (GC / GEJC / LEC), colorectal cancer (CRC), head and neck (H&N) cancer, and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The study consists of two stages: in the Dose Escalation Stage, an appropriate recommended cabozantinib dose for the combination with standard dosing regimen of atezolizumab will be established; in the Expansion Stage, tumor-specific cohorts will be enrolled in order to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination treatment in these tumor indications. Three exploratory single-agent cabozantinib (SAC) cohorts may also be enrolled with UC, NSCLC, or CRPC subjects. One exploratory single-agent atezolizumab (SAA) cohort may also be enrolled with CRPC subjects. Subjects enrolled in the SAC cohorts and SAA cohort may receive combination treatment with both cabozantinib and atezolizumab after they experience radiographic progressive disease per the Investigator per RECIST 1.1. Due to the nature of this study design, some tumor cohorts may complete enrollment earlier than others.
    Location: 28 locations

  • Cancer and Blood Pressure Management, CARISMA Study

    This phase II trial studies how well intensive blood pressure management works in decreasing systolic blood pressure in patients with kidney or thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) who are starting anti-angiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitor cancer therapy. This study is being done to find out if a systolic blood pressure to a target of less than 120 mmHg (intensive systolic blood pressure management) can be achieved, well tolerated, and beneficial as compared to the usual approach to a target of less than 140 mmHg while taking an anti-angiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This study may help doctors understand the best way to control blood pressure in kidney or thyroid cancer patients taking anti-angiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
    Location: 22 locations

  • Basket Study of Entrectinib (RXDX-101) for the Treatment of Patients With Solid Tumors Harboring NTRK 1 / 2 / 3 (Trk A / B / C), ROS1, or ALK Gene Rearrangements (Fusions)

    This is an open-label, multicenter, global Phase 2 basket study of entrectinib (RXDX-101) for the treatment of patients with solid tumors that harbor an NTRK1 / 2 / 3, ROS1, or ALK gene fusion. Patients will be assigned to different baskets according to tumor type and gene fusion.
    Location: 21 locations

  • A Study of Cabozantinib Compared With Placebo in Subjects With Radioiodine-refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Who Have Progressed After Prior VEGFR-targeted Therapy

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of cabozantinib compared with placebo on progression free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR) in subjects with Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC) who have progressed after prior VEGFR-Targeted therapy.
    Location: 15 locations

  • Phase 1 / 2 Study of the Highly-selective RET Inhibitor, Pralsetinib (BLU-667), in Patients With Thyroid Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, and Other Advanced Solid Tumors

    This is a Phase 1 / 2, open-label, first-in-human (FIH) study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and preliminary antineoplastic activity of pralsetinib (BLU-667) administered orally in patients with medullary thyroid cancer, RET-altered NSCLC and other RET-altered solid tumors.
    Location: 16 locations

  • Testing the Combination of Cabozantinib, Nivolumab, and Ipilimumab (CaboNivoIpi) for Advanced Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab work in treating patients with differentiated thyroid cancer that does not respond to radioactive iodine and that worsened after treatment with a drug targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), a protein needed to form blood vessels. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cabozantinib, nivolumab and ipilimumab may work better than the usual approach consisting of chemotherapy with drugs such as doxorubicin, sorafenib, and lenvatinib for this type of thyroid cancer.
    Location: 13 locations

  • A Study of Selpercatinib (LY3527723) in Participants With RET-Mutant Medullary Thyroid Cancer

    The reason for this study is to see if the study drug selpercatinib is safe and more effective compared to a standard treatment in participants with rearranged during transfection (RET)-mutant medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) that cannot be removed by surgery or has spread to other parts of the body. Participants who are assigned to the standard treatment and discontinue due to progressive disease have the option to potentially crossover to selpercatinib.
    Location: 15 locations

  • Enapotamab Vedotin (HuMax-AXL-ADC) Safety Study in Patients With Solid Tumors

    The purpose of the trial is to determine the maximum tolerated dose and to establish the safety profile of HuMax-AXL-ADC in a mixed population of patients with specified solid tumors
    Location: 13 locations

  • Study of Cemiplimab Combined with Dabrafenib and Trametinib in People with Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II studies how well dabrafenib, trametinib, and cemiplimab work for the treatment of patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer that is BRAF-mutated, and is no longer responding to dabrafenib and trametinib. This study will also look at the safety of this combination treatment. Dabrafenib and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as cemiplimab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cemiplimab in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib may work better than dabrafenib and trametinib alone in treating patients with BRAF-mutated anaplastic thyroid cancer.
    Location: 7 locations

  • AO-176 in Multiple Solid Tumor Malignancies

    This is a first-in-human, Phase 1 / 2 multi-center, open-label, dose escalation and expansion study of AO-176 which will evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics, and clinical effects of AO-176 in patients with advanced solid tumors.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Vemurafenib plus Copanlisib in Radioiodine-Refractory (RAIR) Thyroid Cancers

    This purpose of this phase Ib trial is to develop a new drug treatment to reverse resistance to radioiodine therapy in treating patients with BRAF gene mutated thyroid cancer that does not respond to radioiodine therapy alone (radioiodine-refractory), so that radioiodine can be given to shrink these tumors. BRAF gene mutation in thyroid cancer makes it unlikely to respond to radioiodine therapy. This trial investigates the highest doses of copanlisib and vemurafenib that, when given in combination, do not cause serious side effects, and whether the study treatment will make radioiodine therapy work better in patients with BRAF-mutant thyroid cancers. Iodine-124 (I-124) is used only to detect thyroid cancers on imaging studies called positron emission tomography / computed tomography (PET / CT) scans. Iodine-131 (I-131) is used to detect thyroid cancers on scans and to shrink thyroid tumors. Some tumors do not absorb enough (I-131) to cause them to shrink. In some tumors, mutation of the BRAF gene is the primary reason I-131 cannot be absorbed and why it does not shrink those tumors. Vemurafenib inhibits BRAF, and in some patients this drug can increase the amount of radioiodine taken up by tumors with BRAF mutations. Copanlisib blocks PI3K, which is a protein that causes radioiodine resistance by forcing thyroid cancer cells to eliminate radioiodine before it can deliver radiation to kill the tumor. Giving copanlisib and vemurafenib may cause radioiodine to be better absorbed and held longer in thyroid cancer cells, making radioiodine treatment more effective in treating patients with BRAF-mutant thyroid cancers.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors (MK-3475-158 / KEYNOTE-158)

    In this study, participants with multiple types of advanced (unresectable and / or metastatic) solid tumors who have progressed on standard of care therapy will be treated with pembrolizumab (MK-3475).
    Location: 6 locations

  • Study of Safety and Tolerability of BCA101 Alone and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Patients With EGFR-driven Advanced Solid Tumors

    The investigational drug to be studied in this protocol, BCA101, is a first-in-class compound that targets both EGFR with TGFβ. Based on preclinical data, this bifunctional antibody may exert synergistic activity in patients with EGFR-driven tumors.
    Location: 4 locations

  • Safety, Efficacy, and Tolerability of BOS172738 in Patients With Advanced Rearranged During Transfection (RET) Gene-Altered Tumors

    This study will be conducted to assess the safety and tolerability of BOS172738 when administered to patients with advanced solid tumors with rearranged during transfection (RET) gene alterations and also to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and / or recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of BOS172738.
    Location: 3 locations

  • Regorafenib in Treating Patients with Metastatic Medullary and Differentiated Radioiodine Refractory Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well regorafenib works in treating patients with medullary thyroid cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic), and differentiated thyroid cancer that does not respond to radioiodine therapy (radioiodine refractory). Regorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: 3 locations

  • Study of SO-C101 and SO-C101 in Combination With Pembro in Adult Patients With Advanced / Metastatic Solid Tumors

    A multicenter open-label phase 1 / 1b study to evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of SO-C101 as monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with selected advanced / metastatic solid tumors
    Location: 2 locations

  • A Study to Test the Effect of the Drug Larotrectinib in Adults and Children With NTRK-fusion Positive Solid Tumors

    This research study is done to test how well different types of cancer respond to the drug called larotrectinib. The cancer must have a change in a particular gene (NTRK1, NTRK2 or NTRK3). Larotrectinib is a drug that blocks the actions of these NTRK genes in cancer cells and can therefore be used to treat cancer.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Stereotactic or Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of stereotactic or hypofractionated radiation therapy in treating patients with head and neck cancer that has returned after a period of improvement or has spread to other places in the body. Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. This method can kill tumor cells with fewer doses over a shorter period and cause less damage to normal tissue. Hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells and have fewer side effects. Giving stereotactic and hypofractionated radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with head and neck cancer.
    Location: 2 locations

  • Abemaciclib for the Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic Anaplastic / Undifferentiated Thyroid Cancer

    This phase II trial studies the effect of abemaciclib in treating patients with a rare, aggressive type of thyroid cancer in which the tumor cells look very different from normal thyroid cells (anaplastic / undifferentiated) and cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable) or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
    Location: Stanford Cancer Institute Palo Alto, Palo Alto, California

  • Rapid Analysis and Response Evaluation of Combination Anti-Neoplastic Agents in Rare Tumors (RARE CANCER) Trial: RARE 1 Nilotinib and Paclitaxel

    Background: People with rare cancers often have limited treatment options. The biology of rare cancers is not well understood. Researchers want to find better treatments for these cancers. They want to test 2 drugs that, taken separately, have helped people with non-rare cancers. They want to see if these drugs together can make rare cancers shrink or stop growing. Objective: To learn if nilotinib and paclitaxel will benefit people with rare cancers. Eligibility: People age 18 and older who have a rare, advanced cancer that has progressed after receiving standard treatment, or for which no effective therapy exists. Design: Participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. They will have blood and urine tests. They will have a pregnancy test if needed. They will have an electrocardiogram to check their heart. They will have imaging scans to measure their tumors. Participants will repeat the screening tests during the study. Participants will receive nilotinib and paclitaxel. The drugs are given in 28-day cycles. Nilotinib is a capsule taken by mouth twice a day. Paclitaxel will be given intravenously by peripheral line or central line once a week for the first 3 weeks of each cycle. Participants will keep a medicine diary. They will track when they take the study drugs and any side effects they may have. Participants may have optional tumor biopsies. Participants can stay on the study until their disease gets worse or they have intolerable side effects. Participants will have a follow-up phone call about 30 days after taking the last dose of study drugs.
    Location: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland

  • Study of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of BGB-283 (Lifirfenib) and PD-0325901 (Mirdametinib) in Participants With Advanced or Refractory Solid Tumors

    This is a 2-part Phase 1b study of BGB-283 (lifirafenib) and PD-0325901 (mirdametinib) combination in participants with tumors.
    Location: M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas

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