Clinical Trials Using Fluorouracil

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. The clinical trials on this list are studying Fluorouracil. All trials on the list are supported by NCI.

NCI’s basic information about clinical trials explains the types and phases of trials and how they are carried out. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. You may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Talk to your doctor for help in deciding if one is right for you.

Trials 1-25 of 110
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  • Combination Chemotherapy with or without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients with Stage III Colon Cancer and Deficient DNA Mismatch Repair

    This phase III trial studies combination chemotherapy and atezolizumab to see how well it works compared with combination chemotherapy alone in treating patients with stage III colon cancer and deficient deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mismatch repair. Drugs used in combination chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, leucovorin calcium, and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving combination chemotherapy with atezolizumab may work better than combination chemotherapy alone in treating patients with colon cancer.
    Location: 837 locations

  • Combination Chemotherapy, Bevacizumab, and / or Atezolizumab in Treating Patients with Deficient DNA Mismatch Repair Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

    This randomized phase III trial studies how well combination chemotherapy, bevacizumab, and / or atezolizumab work in treating patients with deficient deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mismatch repair colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab and atezolizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving combination chemotherapy, bevacizumab, and atezolizumab may work better in treating patients with colorectal cancer.
    Location: 340 locations

  • Cisplatin and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Children and Young Adults with Hepatoblastoma or Liver Cancer After Surgery

    This partially randomized phase II / III trial studies how well cisplatin and combination chemotherapy works in treating children and young adults with hepatoblastoma or liver cancer after surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, doxorubicin, fluorouracil, vincristine sulfate, carboplatin, etoposide, irinotecan, sorafenib, gemcitabine and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving combination chemotherapy after surgery may kill more tumor cells than one type of chemotherapy alone.
    Location: 137 locations

  • Individualized Treatment in Treating Patients with Stage II-IVB Nasopharyngeal Cancer Based on EBV DNA

    There are two study questions we are asking in this randomized phase II / III trial based on a blood biomarker, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) for locoregionally advanced non-metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer. All patients will first undergo standard concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy. When this standard treatment is completed, if there is no detectable EBV DNA in their plasma, then patients are randomized to either standard adjuvant cisplatin and fluorouracil chemotherapy or observation. If there is still detectable levels of plasma EBV DNA, patients will be randomized to standard cisplatin and fluorouracil chemotherapy versus gemcitabine and paclitaxel. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, fluorouracil, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and paclitaxel work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving cisplatin and fluorouracil is more effective than gemcitabine hydrochloride and paclitaxel after radiation therapy in treating patients with nasopharyngeal cancer.
    Location: 145 locations

  • Chemoradiotherapy with or without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients with Localized Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    This phase III trial studies how well chemotherapy and radiation therapy work with or without atezolizumab in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, cisplatin, fluorouracil and mitomycin-C, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving atezolizumab with radiation therapy and chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer compared to radiation therapy and chemotherapy without atezolizumab.
    Location: 40 locations

  • Topical or Ablative Treatment in Preventing Anal Cancer in Patients with HIV and Anal High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

    This randomized phase III trial compares topical or ablative treatment with active monitoring in preventing anal cancer in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). Anal HSIL is tissue in the anal canal that has been damaged by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) and is at risk for turning into anal cancer. It is not yet known if treating HSIL is more effective than active monitoring in preventing patients from developing anal cancer.
    Location: 29 locations

  • Chemotherapy before or after Chemoradiation Followed by Surgery or Non-operative Management in Treating Patients with Previously Untreated Stage II-III Rectal Cancer

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well chemotherapy before or after chemoradiation followed by surgery or non-operative management works in treating patients with previously untreated stage II-III rectal cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as FOLFOX regimen (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin), and CapeOX (oxaliplatin and capecitabine), work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high energy x rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving chemotherapy before or after chemoradiation is more effective in treating rectal cancer. Additional chemotherapy may reduce the number of patients that require surgery.
    Location: 16 locations

  • A Study of Cabiralizumab Given With Nivolumab With and Without Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether an investigational immuno-therapy, cabiralizumab in combination with nivolumab, with or without chemotherapy, is effective for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer.
    Location: 16 locations

  • A Study of BMS-813160 in Combination With Chemotherapy or Nivolumab in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

    This study will evaluate the safety profile, tolerability, PK, PD, and preliminary efficacy of BMS-813160 alone or in combination with either chemotherapy or nivolumab in participants with metastatic colorectal and pancreatic cancers.
    Location: 17 locations

  • Imiquimod, Fluorouracil, or Observation in Treating Patients with High-Grade Anal Squamous Skin Lesions Who Are HIV-Positive

    This randomized phase III trial studies imiquimod or fluorouracil to see how well they work compared to observation in treating patients with high-grade anal squamous skin lesions who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. Biological therapies, such as imiquimod, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether imiquimod or fluorouracil is more effective than observation in treating high-grade anal squamous skin lesions.
    Location: 15 locations

  • A Phase 3 Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability Study of Zolbetuximab (Experimental Drug) Plus mFOLFOX6 Chemotherapy Compared to Placebo Plus mFOLFOX6 as Treatment for Gastric and Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) Cancer

    A study of zolbetuximab (IMAB362) plus mFOLFOX6 versus placebo plus mFOLFOX6 in subjects with Claudin 18.2 positive, HER2-negative, locally advanced unresectable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Why is this study being done? SPOTLIGHT is a new clinical study for adult patients who have any of: - advanced unresectable gastric or GEJ cancer - metastatic gastric or GEJ cancer These types of cancers have a unique set of proteins (called Claudin 18.2). We may be able to use a treatment that targets the proteins to kill the cancer cells. For patients with one of the types of cancer listed above, mFOLFOX6 (a combination of three chemotherapies known as Oxaliplatin, Leucovorin, and Fluorouracil) is a current treatment option. This study is testing an experimental medicine called zolbetuximab (IMAB362). Zolbetuximab attaches itself to Claudin 18.2 on the cancer cells causing cancer cell death. Patients will be assigned to one of two groups by chance and given either: - zolbetuximab with mFOLFOX6; or - a placebo with mFOLFOX6 A placebo is a treatment that looks like the experimental medicine, but contains no medicine. The goal of the study is to find out if zolbetuximab with mFOLFOX6 helps patients to live longer by stopping the cancer from getting worse.
    Location: 18 locations

  • A Study of ABT-165 Plus FOLFIRI vs Bevacizumab Plus FOLFIRI in Subjects With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Previously Treated With Fluoropyrimidine, Oxaliplatin and Bevacizumab

    A study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of ABT-165 plus FOLFIRI compared to bevacizumab plus FOLFIRI in participants with previously treated metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum.
    Location: 15 locations

  • MEDI9447(Oleclumab) Pancreatic Chemotherapy Combination Study

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and antitumor activity of oleclumab (MEDI9447) in combination with or without durvalumab plus chemotherapy in subjects with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
    Location: 16 locations

  • Study of Pegilodecakin (LY3500518) With FOLFOX Compared to FOLFOX Alone Second-line Tx in Participants With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

    To compare the efficacy of pegilodecakin in combination with FOLFOX versus FOLFOX alone in participants with metastatic pancreatic cancer as measured by overall survival.
    Location: 13 locations

  • A Study of Multiple Immunotherapy-Based Treatment Combinations in Participants With Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (Morpheus-Pancreatic Cancer)

    A Phase Ib / II, open-label, multicenter, randomized study designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and preliminary anti-tumor activity of immunotherapy-based treatment combinations in participants with metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Two cohorts will be enrolled in parallel in this study: Cohort 1 will consist of patients who have received no prior systemic therapy for metastatic PDAC, and Cohort 2 will consist of patients who have received one line of prior systemic therapy for PDAC. In each cohort, eligible patients will be assigned to one of several treatment arms.
    Location: 12 locations

  • Combination Chemotherapy with or without Ramucirumab in Treating Patients with Metastatic or Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well combination chemotherapy with or without ramucirumab works in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that has spread from the primary site to other places in the body or come back after a period of time during which the cancer could not be detected. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, irinotecan hydrochloride, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies, such as ramucirumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known if combination chemotherapy is more effective with or without ramucirumab in treating patients with pancreatic cancer.
    Location: 12 locations

  • Ph 1-2 Study ADI-PEG 20 Plus FOLFOX in Subjects With Advanced GI Malignancies Focusing on Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    Assessment of safety and tolerability of ADI-PEG 20 in combination with folinic acid (leucovorin), fluorouracil and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) in advanced GI malignancies.
    Location: 9 locations

  • Study Evaluating Efficacy and Safety of FFX Versus Combination of CPI-613 With mFFX in Patients With Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas

    A prospective, multicenter, open label, randomized phase III study to evaluate efficacy and safety of FFX versus CPI-613 + mFFX in patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with age range of 18 to 75 years
    Location: 11 locations

  • Hypofractionated Ablative Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy and Capecitabine or Fluorouracil in Treating Patients with Potentially Resectable Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well hypofractionated ablative intensity-modulated radiation therapy and capecitabine or fluorouracil work in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that has spread from its original site of growth to nearby tissues or lymph nodes and may be able to be removed by surgery. Hypofractionated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells and have fewer side effects. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving hypofractionated ablative intensity-modulated radiation therapy and capecitabine or fluorouracil may work better in treating patients with pancreatic cancer.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Safety and Efficacy of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Binimetinib Alone or Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy With or Without Binimetinib in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) Participants (MK-3475-651)

    The purpose of this study is to determine safety and tolerability and to establish a preliminary recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) for the following combinations: pembrolizumab plus binimetinib (Cohort A), pembrolizumab plus mFOLFOX7 (oxaliplatin 85 mg / m^2; leucovorin [calcium folinate] 400 mg / m^2; fluorouracil [5-FU] 2400 mg / m^2) (Cohort B), pembrolizumab plus mFOLFOX7 and binimetinib (Cohort C), pembrolizumab plus FOLFIRI (irinotecan 180 mg / m^2; leucovorin [calcium folinate]400 mg / m^2; 5-FU 2400 mg / m^2 over 46-48 hours) (Cohort D), and pembrolizumab plus FOLFIRI and binimetinib (Cohort E).
    Location: 8 locations

  • Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy Versus Placebo Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) Adenocarcinoma (MK-3475-585 / KEYNOTE-585)

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3745) in the neoadjuvant (prior to surgery) or adjuvant (after surgery) treatment of previously untreated adults with gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. The primary hypotheses of this study are that pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS) and pathological complete response (pathCR) rate.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Durvalumab, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy before Surgery in Treating Patients with Esophageal or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

    This pilot phase Ib / II trial studies the side effects of durvalumab when given together with chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, blocks a protein called PD-L1 and may help the immune system by blocking some of the processes that stop the immune system from working. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin, carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving durvalumab together with chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery may work better at treating patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Pembrolizumab, Trastuzumab, Fluorouracil, and Combination Chemotherapy as First Line Therapy in Treating Patients with HER2-Positive Stage IV Esophagogastric Cancer

    This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works when given together with trastuzumab and combination chemotherapy as first line therapy in treating patients with HER2-positive stage IV esophagogastric cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab and trastuzumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in combination chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, cisplatin, oxaliplatin, and fluorouracil work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab with trastuzumab and combination chemotherapy may work better as first line therapy in treating patients with esophagogastric cancer.
    Location: 8 locations

  • Genetic Testing in Determining Irinotecan Hydrochloride Dose in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Receiving FOLFIRI and Bevacizumab

    This phase II trial studies how well genetic testing works in determining irinotecan hydrochloride dose in patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other areas of the body, who are receiving leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan hydrochloride (FOLFIRI) and bevacizumab. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. Genetic testing may help doctors determine how the body breaks down and removes irinotecan hydrochloride. Using genetic testing to determine the dose of irinotecan hydrochloride may be more effective and safer than standard dosing.
    Location: 7 locations

  • Combination Chemotherapy with or without Panitumumab in Treating Patients with Colorectal Cancer with Liver Metastases Previously Treated with Surgery

    This randomized phase II trial studies how well combination chemotherapy together with or without panitumumab works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to the liver previously treated with surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as floxuridine, irinotecan hydrochloride, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) uses a catheter to carry cancer-killing substances directly into the liver. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as panitumumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether giving floxuridine via HAI and combination chemotherapy with or without panitumumab works better in treating colorectal cancer.
    Location: 7 locations


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