CGH Spotlight Blog
This blog features content and images to showcase the great work from the Center for Global Health.
- Supporting the development of affordable technologies for cancer detection, diagnosis, and treatment in LMICs
As the incidence rate of cancer in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) continues to rise, so do disparities in access to cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment technologies. While advances in engineering and cancer biology have contributed to rapid improvements to cancer-relevant technologies in high-resource settings, it is important to focus on translating this progress to clinical settings in LMICs.
For this purpose, NCI’s Center for Global Health (CGH) Affordable Cancer Technologies Program supports the adaptation, application, and validation of point-of-care (POC) technologies. Investigator teams consist of experts in engineering, oncology, and industry, and projects progress through optimization, clinical testing, and business planning for commercialization throughout the course of the funding agreement. The program is pleased to welcome its second cohort of investigator teams this year. You can read more about the first cohort’s projects here.
- IEEE-NIH 2016 Special Topics Conference on Healthcare Innovations and Point-of-Care Technologies
As we approach the upcoming Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)-NIH 2016 Special Topics Conference on Healthcare Innovations and Point-of-Care Technologies to be held in Cancun, Mexico November 9th to 11th, it's a good opportunity to reflect on what it is we’re trying to accomplish here and why individuals should attend.
As advertised, ‘the conference will provide a forum for all stakeholders in healthcare to elucidate the barriers and challenges in the broad delivery of quality, accurate, and affordable health care. Features include discussions on the role of point-of-care diagnostic systems in quality global healthcare from the perspectives of all stakeholders, especially in underserved and under-resourced populations; and barriers and challenges to adoption and mechanisms by which innovative technologies can be collectively addressed and overcome by collaboration across all stakeholders for quality global healthcare.’
- CGH Announces Recipients of Regional Centers of Research Excellence (RCREs) P20 Grant Awards
Novel global collaborations between high income and low- and middle income countries will lay the groundwork for planning and designing sustainable Regional Centers of Research Excellence (RCREs) for non-communicable diseases, including cancer, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) or regions.
Non-communicable diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes account for over 72 percent of premature deaths globally. Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) carry a disproportionate burden of these diseases, characterized both in mortality and disability rates. A lack of resource sharing and coordination, uneven availability of research and administrative infrastructure, and a lack of in-country support for research have led the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to fund Planning Grants for Regional Centers of Research Excellence (RCREs). These RCREs support partnerships between high-income countries (HICs) and LMICs that lay the groundwork for the planning and design of regional hubs that will coordinate basic, translational, clinical, and population science research pertaining to LMICs within that region. Though the NCI has a particular interest in cancer research, applicants were required to address other non-communicable diseases in their proposals. As non-communicable diseases share similar characteristics, such as common risk factors, this will enable mutual benefit exchanges and greater efficiency from investments by HICs and LMICs in non-communicable disease research.
- CGH Roundtable on HPV Screening
The NCI Center for Global Health (CGH) extends its congratulations on Pink Ribbon Red Ribbon’s (PRRR) fifth anniversary and continues to build on its three-year partnership. We look forward to participating in PRRR fifth-anniversary-related activities and invite you to follow both @NCIGlobalHealth and PRRR @pinkredribbon to learn more.
On June 22, 2016, the CGH co-hosted a Roundtable on human papillomavirus (HPV) screening in low-resource settings with PRRR a global organization powered by partnerships to fight breast and cervical cancers and improve women’s health. Building on the successes and lessons of the U.S. Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the ongoing commitment of President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush to reach communities where women are suffering from cancer, PRRR is dedicated to helping women in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America access preventive care and treatment for women’s cancers. Women with HIV are 4 to 5 times more likely to develop cervical cancer than those who are HIV-negative.
- Reflections from a Year at the Center for Global Health
The Cancer Research Training Award (CRTA) Fellowship is a one-year fellowship, where a laboratory, a Center or a Division within the National Cancer Institute takes in a post baccalaureate trainee for a year. This trainee is typically someone who has completed their Bachelor’s degree and is ready to put their knowledge into useful action as they chart out their career and future education. After graduating from the University of Wisconsin – Madison and serving for a year with AmeriCorps, I started my CRTA Fellowship in July 2015 at the Center for Global Health (CGH). Now as I wrap up my training, I am turning over my experiences from numerous projects and consolidating nuggets of experience and wisdom that will guide my way forward.
- Addressing a silent killer - The International Conference on Betel Quid and Areca Nut
After nearly a year of effort, The Center for Global Health, National Cancer Institute, in coordination with the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research , The University of Texas at MD Anderson Cancer Center, Oral Cancer Research Coordinating Center, University of Malaya, Taiwan Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, and with the generous support of the Malaysia Ministry of Health, hosted the International Conference on Betel Quid and Areca Nut in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia on April 27-28, 2016.
The conference welcomed more than 130 participants from 21 countries. Our meeting aimed to address the major issue surrounding betel quid and areca nut use, and its associated cancers. More than 600 million, approximately 10% of the world’s population, use betel quid and areca nut. Widely unregulated, with its use steeped in culture and tradition, the use of betel quid and areca nut poses a significant and understudied health threat to the Asia-Pacific region where prevalence is high. Betel quid and areca nut use is a risk factor for oral, esophageal, and other associated cancers. Unlike many forms of smoked tobacco, is the two are widely used by women in regions where common. Betel quid and areca use extends beyond the Asia-Pacific region to diaspora and migrant communities in US, South Africa, and parts of Europe and the Middle East.
- Russian delegation visits NIH and NCI to discuss research collaboration
On June 1st, the NCI Center for Global Health hosted a delegation from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) to discuss ongoing and future collaborations in cancer research. The delegation was accompanied by representatives from the US Embassy in Moscow and the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Washington DC. The day of meetings was productive and discussion was lively.
The delegation started their day with a visit with Dr. Louis Staudt at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center, where they heard about the groundbreaking work in precision medicine focused on B-cell lymphomas taking place in his laboratory, and discussed the continuing revolution in next generation sequencing and the increasing importance of molecular diagnostics. From there, the delegation toured the NIH U.S. National Library of Medicine, where they met with Dr. Eugene Koonin, who shared details on his ongoing work on comparative evolutionary genomics.
- NCI and the Chinese National Cancer Center pursue new collaborations in cancer research
The NCI Center for Global Health (CGH) has been working closely with the Chinese government, including the Chinese National Cancer Center (NCC), to strengthen cancer research in the U.S. and China.
CGH Director, Dr. Ted Trimble, and East Asia Program Director, Dr. Ann Chao, traveled to Beijing with Mr. Matthew Brown from the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Global Affairs to attend the Joint Meeting of the NCC and the U.S. NCI, held on April 22nd. This joint meeting occurs annually and alternates between the United States and China. This year the group discussed cooperation in the areas of colorectal cancer screening, microbiome research, and joint clinical research activities in immunotherapy.
- A short narrative - Challenges and opportunities in expanding research in the Middle East, North Africa Region
Born in Iran, raised in the United Arab Emirates, and educated in Boston, I have experienced very diverse cultures and global settings. I am grateful for the opportunity provided by Center for Global Health at the National Cancer Institute to explore ways to expand cancer research globally, particularly in the broader Middle East.
During my stay at NCI I’ve had the pleasure of meeting a variety of experts, including Dr. Marie Ricciardone who works with a network of partners in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. I recently asked her to draw on her experiences in the region for advice about the challenges and opportunities ahead as I advance my own career as a researcher in the MENA region.
- CGH observes National Women’s Health Week
This week, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is observing the 17th annual National Women’s Health Week. The goal of the National Women's Health Week is to empower women to make their health a priority. The week also serves as a time to help women understand what steps they can take to improve their health. The 17th annual National Women’s Health Week kicked off on Mother’s Day, May 8, and is celebrated through May 14, 2016.
In celebration, the NCI Center for Global Health held a seminar on the Knowledge Summaries for Comprehensive Breast Cancer Control: Pathways for Advanced Cancer Planning. The seminar was presented by Dr. Andre M. Ilbawi, the medical officer for Cancer Control, at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, and Dr. Jo Anne Zujewski, Senior Advisor for Women’s Cancers, Center for Global Health, NCI.