Create an Adult Immunotherapy Network
NCI has announced several funding opportunities that align with the Cancer Moonshot.See Funding Opportunities
Immunotherapy leverages the ability of the immune system to recognize and destroy infected, damaged, and transformed cells. This type of cancer treatment often enhances the activity of immune cells called ‘effector T cells’, whose function is to kill cancer cells by distinguishing them from their normal counterparts. However, barriers remain and need to be addressed to improve the effectiveness of immunotherapy.
While there has been some promising success in treating certain cancers with immunotherapy, it has been less effective in others. It is often more difficult to safely and effectively target the cancer cells in solid tumors without harming normal tissues. The tumor’s microenvironment may also suppress the immune system, limiting its ability to fight off the cancer.
This recommendation is focused on creating an adult cancer immunotherapy translational network to overcome these barriers and develop immunotherapies that are effective for a diverse group of patients with various cancer types. In addition, the network aims to create vaccines that will aid effector T cells in recognizing cancers in their premalignant stages, effectively preventing new cancer cases.
Ultimately, the hope is to develop new immunotherapies and improve the effectiveness of current immunotherapy treatments to reduce the burden of cancer in adults.
NCI has awarded funding to several research projects that align with the panel's recommendation to address immunotherapy in adults:
The Immuno-Oncology Translational Network (IOTN)
This collaborative network is working to accelerate the discovery of new immune targets for cancer treatments and development of new immunotherapies to treat and prevent adult cancers. The IOTN consortium includes researchers who are investigating immune mechanisms involved in cancer progression, evaluating new immunotherapies, and developing preventive cancer vaccines. The network also has a Cellular Immunotherapy Data Resource that supports a data registry that collects information about adult patients receiving cell-based immunotherapies, which can inform future studies of immunotherapies.
The IOTN Data Management and Resource Sharing Center promotes collaboration between IOTN investigators and outreach of the network to the cancer research community.
NCI Center for Cell-Based Therapy (CCT)
NCI created an intramural cell-based therapy center that focuses on the use of living immune cells for cancer immunotherapies. The center supports the discovery and development of new cellular immunotherapies to treat cancer patients. The center is performing basic research of cell-based cancer therapies, accelerating translation of cell-based immunotherapy findings to the clinic, training scientists for immunotherapy studies, and providing cancer researchers with access to immunotherapy-related technologies.
Adult Immunotherapy Projects Awarded Cancer Moonshot Funding
|Funding Opportunity||Project Title||Institution||Principal Investigator(s)|
|Immuno-Oncology Translational Network (IOTN): Cancer Immunotherapy Research Projects (U01)||Enhancing Cell Therapy for Brain Tumors||Children's Research Institute||Bollard, Catherine M; Cruz, Conrad Russell Young; Jones, Richard J; Savoldo, Barbara|
|B Cell-Dependent Anti-Tumor Immunity in Ovarian Cancer||H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute||Conejo-Garcia, Jose R|
|N-Glycosylation and Immunotherapy for Cancer||University of California - Irvine||Demetriou, Michael|
|Immunosuppressive Mechanisms Responsible for Development of Non-Viral Liver Cancer and Control of its Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors||University of California - San Diego||Karin, Michael; El-Khoueiry, Anthony Boutros; Tsukamoto, Hidekazu|
|Muc1-C is a Target for Reversing Immune Evasion and Resistance to Immunotherapies||Dana Farber Cancer Institute||Kufe, Donald W; Wong, Kwok Kin|
|Immunomodulation of the Tumor Microenvironment with Molecular Targeted Radiotherapy to Facilitate an Adaptive Anti-Tumor Immune Response to Combined Modality Immunotherapies||University of Wisconsin - Madison||Morris, Zachary Scott; Weichert, Jamey P|
|Stimulating Neo-Antigen Specific T Cell Responses in Head and Neck Cancers||La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology||Schoenberger, Stephen Philip; Gutkind, J Silvio; Rao, Anjana|
|Targeting the Immunosuppressive Tumor Microenvironment to Enhance Efficacy of Radiotherapy and Immuno-radiotherapy for Oral Cancer||Baylor College of Medicine||Sikora, Andrew Gregory; Annapragada, Ananth V|
|Molecular and Immune Drivers of Immunotherapy Responsiveness in Prostate Cancer||Dana Farber Cancer Institute||Van Allen, Eliezer M; Fong, Lawrence|
|Targeting Alternative Splicing for TCR Discovery in Small Cell Carcinomas||University of California - Los Angeles||Witte, Owen N; Crooks, Gay M; Xing, Yi|
|Epithelium-derived Alarmins Role in Breast Cancer Immunoprevention||Massachusetts General Hospital||Demehri, Shadmehr|
|Neoantigen Vaccination for Lynch Syndrome Immunoprevention||Weill Medical College of Cornell University||Lipkin, Steven M; Vilar-Sanchez, Eduardo|
|Immuno-Oncology Translation Network (IOTN): Data Management and Resource-Sharing Center (DMRC) (U24)||Immuno-Oncology Translation Network: Data Management and Resource-Sharing Center at RPCI||Roswell Park Cancer Institute||Hutson, Alan David; Liu, Song; Morgan, Martin T; Odunsi, Kunle O|
|Immuno-Oncology Translation Network (IOTN): Cellular Immunotherapy Data Resource (CIDR) (U24)||Immuno-Oncology Translation Network (IOTN): Cellular Immunotherapy Data Resource (CIDR)||Medical College of Wisconsin||Horowitz, Mary Maresca|
|Canine Immunotherapy Trials and Correlative Studies (U01)||Canine Immuno Neurotherapeutics||University of Alabama at Birmingham||Chambers, M.R.|
|Enhancing the Efficacy of Immunotherapy in DLBCL using Rational Combination Approaches||Tufts University||London, Cheryl A; Richards, Kristy L|
|Novel Combined Immunotherapeutic Strategies for Glioma: Using Pet Dogs as a Large Animal Spontaneous Model||University of Minnesota||Pluhar, Grace Elizabeth|
|Enhancing Natural Killer Immunotherapy with First-in-Dog Trials of Inhaled Recombinant IL-15 and Super-agonist IL-15 in Naturally Occurring Canine Cancers||University of California at Davis||Canter, Robert; Rebhun, Robert|
|Optimizing Novel Immunotherapy Combinations Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment in Canine Spontaneous Osteosarcoma||Colorado State University||Dow, Steven W; London, Cheryl A|
|Coordinating Center for Canine Immunotherapy Trials and Correlative Studies (U24)||Coordinating Center for Canine Immunotherapy Trials and Correlative Studies||University of Pennsylvania||Mason, Nicola J; Propert, Kathleen Jjoy|
|Consortium for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) Translational Studies on the Tumor Microenvironment (U01)||Interrupting Cellular Crosstalk in the Immunosuppressive Microenvironment of Pancreas Cancer||University of Michigan||Crawford, Howard C; Pasca Di Magliano, Marina|
|Systematic Interrogation of the Pancreatic Cancer Microenvironment in Patient-Derived Specimens||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute||Hahn, William C|
|Defining Neoantigen Immunodominance for Antigen Selection and Biomarker Discovery in Human Pancreatic Cancer Immunotherapy||Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research||Balachandran, Vinod P; Leach, Steven D|
|Disrupting the Immune and Drug-Privileged Microenvironment in Pancreas Cancer||Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center||Hingorani, Sunil R|
|Reprogramming Pdac Tumor Microenvironment to Improve Immunotherapy||Massachusetts General Hospital||Jain, Rakesh K; Pittet, Mikael|
|Resource Center for the Consortium for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) Translational Studies (U24)||Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Translational Resource Center (Patrec)||University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center||Wistuba, Ignacio I; Maitra, Anirban|
|Metabolic Reprogramming to Improve Immunotherapy (R01)||Directing the Metabolic Fate of CAR T Cells||University of Pennsylvania||June, Carl H|
|Metabolic Reprogramming of Tregs in Tumor Immunity||St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital||Chi, Hongbo|