Cancer Research Infrastructure
The National Cancer Act of 1971 authorized NCI to coordinate cancer research across the United States. In the ensuing decades, NCI has built and maintained an infrastructure that provides investigators with resources and materials that promote innovative thinking, coordinates research studies and clinical trials, and makes resources available to the cancer research community.
NCI-Designated Cancer Centers are at the forefront of NCI-supported cancer research efforts at universities and cancer research centers across the United States.
NCI leads programs and initiatives that sponsor, conduct, develop, or support clinical trials, including NCI’s Clinical Trial Network (NCTN) and NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) initiatives to transform cancer clinical trials to be more flexible and responsive to the rapid advances being made in oncologic sciences.
The FNLCR combines private sector business practices with government infrastructure to conduct research and development in cancer and AIDS.
The focus of bioinformatics is to establish an infrastructure to store, analyze, integrate, and visualize large amounts of biological data and related information—big data—as well as provide access to it.