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Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)

  • Updated: 06/06/2014
Stem Cell Transplant 
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Drawing of stem cells being removed from a patient or donor. Blood is collected from a vein in the arm and flows through a machine that removes the stem cells; the remaining blood is returned to a vein in the other arm.
Stem cell transplant (Step 1). Blood is taken from a vein in the arm of the donor. The patient or another person may be the donor. The blood flows through a machine that removes the stem cells. Then the blood is returned to the donor through a vein in the other arm.
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Drawing of a health care provider giving a patient treatment to kill blood-forming cells. Chemotherapy is given to the patient through a catheter in the chest.
Stem cell transplant (Step 2). The patient receives chemotherapy to kill blood-forming cells. The patient may receive radiation therapy (not shown).
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Drawing of stem cells being given to the patient through a catheter in the chest.
Stem cell transplant (Step 3). The patient receives stem cells through a catheter placed into a blood vessel in the chest.