NCI Drug Dictionary
The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.
- LmddA-LLO-chHER2 fusion protein-secreting live-attenuated Listeria cancer vaccine ADXS31-164
A cancer vaccine containing a live, highly attenuated strain of the Gram-positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes (LmddA) encoding a fusion protein composed of a chimeric peptide comprised of three highly immunogenic epitopes of the human tumor-associated antigen (TAA) HER2/neu (chHER2) fused to a non-hemolytic fragment of the immunostimulant listeriolysin O (LLO) protein, with potential immunostimulatory and antineoplastic activities. Upon administration of the LmddA-LLO-chHER2 vaccine ADXS31-142, the LmddA is taken up by phagocytic cells; then the listeriolysin portion of the expressed LLO-chHER2 can form pores in the phagolysosomes and the fusion protein can escape into the cytosol. In turn, the LLO-chHER2 is processed and presented to the immune system by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I on the phagocytic cells. Antigen presentation activates the immune system to exert an immune response involving the recruitment and activation of T lymphocytes against HER2-expressing tumor cells, and inhibits tumor-infiltrating T regulatory cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). This eventually results in tumor cell lysis. HER2/neu, a tyrosine kinase receptor belonging to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family, is overexpressed in various tumor cell types. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Code name: ADXS31-164