NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

type-1 polarized dendritic cell-induced antigen-specific autologous cytotoxic T lymphocytes
A preparation of autologous cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), specifically reactive to melanoma-associated antigen 3 (MAGE-3), MAGE-4, survivin, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2; ERBB2) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), with potential immunomodulating activity. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are collected from the patient. Subsequently, autologous dendritic cells (DCs) are separated, treated with a certain combination of cytokines to produce polarized type-1 DCs (DC1), and then are loaded with MAGE-3/MAGE-4/survivin/HER2/COX-2 CTL epitope peptides. In turn, autologous CTLs are collected, exposed ex vivo to the antigen-loaded DC1s and subsequently expanded in vitro. Upon re-infusion of the DC1-induced MAGE-3/MAGE-4/survivin/HER2/COX-2-specific autologous CTLs, the CTLs target and lyse tumor cells expressing the tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Exposure to DC1s generates more potent CTLs and thus induces a more potent CTL response against TAA-expressing tumor cells. The targeted TAAs play key roles in cellular proliferation and are overexpressed by a variety of cancer cell types. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:DC1-induced antigen-specific autologous CTLs
type-1 polarized DC-induced antigen-specific autologous CTLs
Abbreviation:autologous DC1-CTL