NCI Drug Dictionary
The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.
- allogeneic double negative T cells
A population of healthy, donor-derived CD4 and CD8 double-negative T lymphocytes (DNTs), with potential immunomodulating and anti-leukemic activities. The DNTs are expanded ex vivo in order to enhance their tumor destroying potential. Upon administration of the allogeneic DNTs (DNT-UHN-1), the receptors NKG2-D type II integral membrane protein (KLRK1; NKG2D) and DNAX accessory molecule 1 (cluster of differentiation 226; CD226; DNAM-1) expressed on the DNTs recognize and bind to their cognate ligands expressed on leukemia cells. Upon binding, the DNTs release interferon-gamma (IFN-g), thereby destroying the tumor cells. DNTs derived from peripheral blood of healthy donors appear to be effective against certain types of tumor cells, including leukemia cells, and do not attack normal hematopoietic cells. NKG2D, a member of the CD94/NKG2 family of C-type lectin-like receptors, and DNAM-1, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily containing 2 Ig-like domains of the V-set, play a key role in natural killer cell (NK)-mediated tumor cell killing. Certain tumor cells express higher levels of NKG2D and DNAM-1 ligands on their surfaces, thereby increasing their susceptibility to DNT-mediated cell lysis. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonym: allogeneic DNT cells Code name: DNT-UHN-1