NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

licochalcone A
A derivative of the phenol chalconoid, found in and extracted from the roots of Glycyrrhiza species G. glabra and inflata, with potential anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anticancer activities. Upon administration, licochalcone A inhibits the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway and inhibits the activity of c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK-1), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family that plays a role in the MAPK-mediated signaling pathway. Inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR- and MAPK-signaling pathways induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, decreases migration and invasion of cancer cells, and inhibits tumor cell proliferation. Licochalcone A also prevents the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and reduces oxidative stress through the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Chemical structure:
  • 2-propen-1-one, 3-(5-(1,1-dimethyl-2-propenyl)-4-hydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-, (E)-
  • 3-dimethylallyl-4,4'-dihydroxy-6-methoxychalcone