NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

Lm-tLLO-neoantigens vaccine ADXS-NEO
A proprietary, personalized plasmid DNA-based cancer vaccine composed of a live-attenuated strain of the Gram-positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) carrying a proprietary plasmid vector encoding multiple, patient-specific, immunogenic neoepitopes fused to a truncated form of the immunostimulant listeriolysin O (tLLO), with potential immunostimulatory and antineoplastic activities. Upon administration of the Lm-tLLO-neoantigens vaccine ADXS-NEO, the ADXS-NEO is taken up by antigen presenting cells (APCs), such as dendritic cells (DCs), and the expressed tLLO-neoantigens fusion protein is processed and presented to the immune system by both major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I and II molecules. This activates the immune system to exert both innate and adaptive immune responses involving the recruitment and activation of T lymphocytes against the tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) specifically expressed by the patient's tumor cells, and inhibits the immunosuppressive tumor-infiltrating T-regulatory cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) within the tumor microenvironment (TME). This results in tumor cell lysis. The various unique mutation-derived TAAs that are used in ADXS-NEO are identified from a biopsy of the patient's tumor. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:neoepitope-based Immunotherapeutic ADXS-NEO
Code name:ADXS NEO