NCI Drug Dictionary
The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.
- SHP-1 agonist SC-43
An orally available, small molecule agonist of Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase-1 (SHP-1; tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 6; PTPN6) with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, SHP-1 agonist SC-43 enhances SHP-1 activity by impairing the association between the N-terminal Src homology 2 (N-SH2) domain and the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) domain of SHP-1, triggering a conformational change of SHP-1 and relieving its autoinhibition. Activation of SHP-1 represses signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling by inhibiting constitutive and interleukin-6 (IL-6)-induced STAT3 phosphorylation. The STAT3 pathway is overly active in many cancer types and is implicated in cancer stem cell-mediated growth, recurrence, stemness, and resistance to conventional chemotherapies. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Synonym: SC-43 oral solution Code name: SC 43
Chemical structure: 1-[4-chloro-3(trifluoromethyl)phenyl-3-[3-(4-cyanophenoxy)] urea