NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

anti-EGFR CAR-transduced IL-12-expressing T lymphocytes
A preparation of human T lymphocytes transduced with a retroviral vector encoding an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) gene coupled to the signaling domains from CD28, 4-1BB (CD137) and CD3 zeta, and modified to express the cytokine interleukin-12 (IL-12), with potential immunostimulatory and antineoplastic activities. Upon administration, the anti-EGFR CAR-transduced IL-12-expressing T lymphocytes target and bind to the EGFR antigen on tumor cell surfaces; subsequently, EGFR-expressing tumor cells may be lysed. IL-12 expression activates the immune system by promoting the secretion of interferon-gamma (IFNg), activating natural killer cells (NKs), and inducing cytotoxic T-cell responses, which may result in both decreased cell proliferation and increased cell death for the EGFR-overexpressing tumor cells. EGFR, overexpressed by a variety of cancer cell types, plays a key role in tumor cell proliferation, tumor angiogenesis and radio- and chemoresistance. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:EGFR-IL12-CAR-T cells