NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

Cap binding complex 80/20 binder ABX-464
An orally available, small molecule binder of the cap binding complex (CBC) 80/20, with potential antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities. Upon oral administration, ABX464 binds to the CBC, a complex at the 5’-end of the pre-mRNA transcript that promotes the initial interaction with transcription and processing machinery. This leads to a conformational change in the CBC and enhanced splicing of viral RNA variants and upregulation of the anti-inflammatory microRNA, miR-124, via splicing of a long noncoding RNA at the miR-124-1 locus. In human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected cells, ABX464 interacts with the CBC of HIV-1 mRNA and inhibits viral replication by preventing Rev-mediated export of unspliced HIV-1 transcripts to the cytoplasm. Rev facilitates the nuclear export of unspliced or incompletely spliced viral pre-mRNAs, an essential step in HIV-1 replication. In inflammatory conditions, miR-124 reduces the production of various inflammatory mediators, including interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and C-C motif chemokine 2 (CCL2; MCP-1.). miR-124 plays a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses and is a critical mediator of cholinergic anti-inflammatory action. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:CBC 80/20 binder ABX-464
Rev inhibitor ABX-464
Code name:ABX 464
Chemical structure:8-chloro-N-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)quinolin-2-amine