NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

anamorelin hydrochloride
The orally bioavailable hydrochloride salt of a synthetic, small-molecule ghrelin mimetic with appetite-stimulating and anabolic activities. Anamorelin binds to and stimulates the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) centrally, thereby mimicking the appetite-stimulating and growth hormone-releasing effects of grhelin. Stimulation of GHSR may also reduce the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and interleukin-6, which may play a direct role in cancer-related loss of appetite. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Code name:RC-1291
Chemical structure:
  • (3R)-1-{(2R)-2-[(2-amino-2-methylpropanoyl)amino]-3-(indol-3-yl)propanoyl}-3-benzyl-N,N',N'-trimethylpiperidine-3-carbohydrazide hydrochloride
  • 3-piperidinecarboxylic acid, 1-(2-methylalanyl-D-tryptophyl)-3-(phenylmethyl)-, trimethylhydrazide, monohydrochloride, (3R)-