NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

bupropion hydrochloride controlled-release
A controlled-release tablet formulation containing the hydrochloride salt of the aminoketone bupropion, with antidepressant activity and for potential use in promoting smoking cessation, improving sexual desire, and improving cancer-related fatigue. Bupropion is a weak blocker of the neuronal uptake of serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine and is a central nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist. Bupropion may also reduce circulating levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and normalize hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning, which is dysregulated in certain cases of cancer-related fatigue. The controlled-release formulation results in a higher concentration of the drug in the body over an extended period, thereby permitting a reduction in the frequency of dosing. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:bupropion HCl controlled-release
bupropion HCl extended release
bupropion hydrochloride extended-release
US brand name:Aplenzin
Wellbutrin SR
Wellbutrin XL
Foreign brand name:Forfivo XL