NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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carbon C 14 vemurafenib
A radioconjugate composed of vemurafenib, an ATP-competitive, small-molecule inhibitor of BRAF(V600E) kinase, labeled with the radioisotope carbon C 14, with potential use for evaluating the pharmacokinetic profile of vemurafenib. Vemurafenib selectively binds to the ATP-binding site of BRAF(V600E) kinase and inhibits its activity, which may result in both an inhibition of an over-activated MAPK signaling pathway in BRAF(V600E) kinase-expressing tumor cells and a reduction in tumor cell proliferation. Labeling of vemurafenib with the radioactive tracer carbon C 14 allows for the evaluation of vemurafenib's pharmacokinetic profile, including its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME). The BRAF(V600E) gene mutation in which valine is substituted for glutamic acid at residue 600 (V600E), is found in many cancer cell types and plays a key role in the over-activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:14 C-labeled vemurafenib