NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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fluorine F 18-ara-G
A radioconjugate composed of the guanosine analog arabinosyl guanine (Ara-G), a high-affinity substrate for both cytoplasmic deoxycytidine kinase (DCK) and mitochondrial deoxyguanosine kinase (dGK), labeled with fluorine F 18, that can potentially be used as a tracer for imaging of activated T-lymphocytes during positron emission tomography (PET). Upon administration, fluorine F 18-ara-G is taken up by and accumulates in activated T-lymphocytes with high levels of DCK and dGK. After phosphorylation by DCK and dGK, the 18F moiety can be visualized by PET imaging. Fluorine F 18 ara-G can potentially be used as an imaging agent to detect anti-tumor immune responses and to predict the therapeutic efficacy of immunotherapies. DCK and dGK, both nucleoside salvage pathway enzymes, are overexpressed in activated T-cells. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:[18F]F-ara-G
18F-F-ara-G
fluorine F 18 ara-G
Chemical structure:2'-deoxy-2'-[18F]fluoro-9-beta-D-arabinofuranosylguanine