NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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fluorine F 18 clofarabine
A radioconjugate composed of the nucleoside analog and deoxycytidine kinase (DCK)-dependent pro-drug clofarabine (Cl-F-ara-A) linked to the radioisotope fluorine F 18, with potential imaging activity using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). Upon administration of fluorine F 18 clofarabine, the clofarabine moiety is preferentially taken up by and accumulates in cells with dysregulated nucleoside metabolism, including tumor cells expressing high levels of DCK. The clofarabine moiety is phosphorylated by DCK into its active triphosphate form, Cl-F-ara-ATP. The 18F moiety can be visualized by PET imaging. As many nucleoside analog prodrugs are chemotherapeutic agents that require DCK for their phosphorylation and activation, fluorine F 18 clofarabine can potentially be used as a marker to measure DCK activity and to predict the chemotherapeutic efficacy of DCK-dependent prodrugs. DCK, a rate-limiting enzyme in the deoxyribonucleoside salvage pathway for DNA synthesis, is overexpressed in certain solid tumors, lymphoid and myeloid malignancies and certain immune cells, such as proliferating T-lymphocytes. Compared to other nucleoside analogs, clofarabine is not susceptible to deamination by cytidine deaminase (CDA). Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:[18F]-clofarabine
18F-clofarabine
cl-18F-ara-A
Abbreviation:18F-CA
Chemical structure:2-chloro-9-(2'-deoxy-2'-18F-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)adenine