NCI Drug Dictionary
The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.
- immunotoxin D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL
A recombinant immunotoxin fusion protein consisting of single-chain variable-region antibody fragments (scFvs), which contain disulfide stabilized heavy- (Vh) and light- (Vl) chain variable regions of the monoclonal antibody D2C7 (D2C7-scdsFv), targeting both the wild-type form (EGFRwt) and the in-frame deletion mutant form (EGFRvIII) of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and fused, via a 15-amino acid peptide linker to domains II and III of the Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE38KDEL) (D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon intratumoral administration by convection-enhanced delivery, the scFv moiety of immunotoxin anti-EGFR scFv monoclonal antibody fragment immunotoxin D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL targets and binds to a specific amino acid epitope present in the extracellular domain of both the EGFRwt and EGFRvIII proteins. This binding facilitates the internalization of the immunotoxin by tumor cells. Inside the cells, the exotoxin portion of the fusion protein binds to translation elongation factor 2 (EF-2), and deactivates EF-2 through ADP ribosylation. This results in the inhibition of protein synthesis, the induction of apoptosis and a reduction in cell proliferation of EGFRwt/EGFRvIII-expressing tumor cells. Compared to intact IgG antibodies and single-chain antibodies, scFvs are smaller with increased tumor-penetrating capacity which may enhance therapeutic efficacy. The EGFR gene, a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase, and its mutant form, EGFRvIII, which contains a deletion of exons 2–7 of the EGFR gene, are frequently amplified and overexpressed in a variety of cancers. KDEL increases the toxin’s intracellular retention, thereby enhancing its cytotoxicity. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)