NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

interferon gamma-1b
A recombinant form of the endogenous cytokine interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma; IFNg), with a peptide length of 140 amino acids and modified with an N-terminal methionyl group, with potential immunomodulating and antineoplastic activities. Upon administration, IFNg-1b binds to IFNg cell surface receptors (IFNGRs), activates IFNg-stimulated signaling pathways, including the JAK-STAT pathway, and leads to the transcription of multiple IFNg-controlled genes, the expression of which may activate certain components of the immune system. IFNg activates natural killer (NK) cells, macrophages, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), stimulates antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and induces the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules, which leads to an increase in antigen presentation, including tumor-associated antigens (TAAs), to the immune system, and modulates the expression of certain pro-inflammatory cytokines by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). Altogether, this increases tumor cell killing. IFNg-1b, a cell-signaling protein, plays a key role in the regulation and activation of the immune system. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:N(sup 2)-L-methionyl-1-139-interferon G
recombinant interferon gamma-1b
US brand name:Actimmune