NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

Lactobacillus-based probiotic capsule
A capsule containing a strain of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus with potential antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. As a dietary supplement, Lactobacillus, a naturally-occurring bacterium, may improve digestion and help maintain adequate colonization of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract by modulating the composition of the normal microflora. Because it produces lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide and other substances during fermentation, this bacterium creates an acidic environment that is unfavorable for pathogens. In addition, during colonization of the GI tract, this bacterium adheres to human epithelial cells and forms a protective barrier, thereby preventing the attachment of pathogens. Dietary supplementation with this bacterium has been shown to enhance innate and acquired immunity. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:Lactobacillus-based capsule