NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

listeria monocytogenes-LLO-PSA ADXS31-142
A cancer vaccine containing a live-attenuated strain of the Gram-positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) encoding a fusion protein composed of the tumor-associated antigen (TAA) human prostate-specific antigen (PSA) fused to a fragment of the immunostimulant listeriolysin O (LLO) protein, with potential immunostimulatory and antineoplastic activities. Upon administration of the Lm-LLO-PSA vaccine ADXS31-142, the expressed LLO-PSA is processed by antigen presenting cells (APCs), presented to the immune system by both major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I and II molecules, and activates the immune system to exert both an innate and adaptive immune response involving the recruitment and activation of T-lymphocytes against PSA-expressing tumor cells as well as the inhibition of tumor-infiltrating T regulatory cells (T regs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). This eventually results in tumor cell lysis.

Code name:ADXS31-142