NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

oligomeric procyanidin complex
A preparation containing plant-derived polyphenolic bioflavonoids composed of multimers (dimers, trimers, or higher order polymers) of the flavan-3-ol-based monomers catechin and epicatechin that are extracted from sources rich in these chemicals (such as grape seeds, grape skin and pine bark), with potential anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-cancer and protective activities. Upon oral administration of oligomeric procyanidin complex (OPC), the polyphenols exert anti-oxidant activity by scavenging free radicals, which prevents both the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), particularly nitrous oxide (NO), and DNA damage. OPC also inhibits chemical-induced lipid peroxidation. In addition, OPC reduces the production of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), decreases AGE accumulation in tissues, and inhibits the progression of AGE/receptor for AGE (RAGE)-mediated inflammatory transduction pathways, which inhibits the activation of pro-inflammatory transcriptional regulators, and prevents the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines. This ultimately prevents inflammatory-driven damage to end organs and may reduce inflammation-induced cancer formation and progression. In addition, OPC inhibits the activity of a variety of enzymes, including xanthine oxidase, collagenase, elastase, hyaluronidase and beta-glucuronidase. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:oligomeric flavanols
oligomeric proanthocyanidins
OPC supplement
pligomeric procyanidolic complex