NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

poly-alendronate dextran-guanidine conjugate
A polybisphosphonate dextran-guanidine conjugate with potential anti-resorptive and antineoplastic activities. Alendronic acid and aminoguanidine were conjugated sequentially to oxidized dextran resulting in an average of 8 alendronate and 50 guanidine groups coupled to the dextran backbone. Upon administration, the poly-alendronate dextran-guanidine conjugate inhibits the mevalonate pathway by inhibiting farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS) which leads to a reduction in protein prenylation and to the loss of downstream metabolites essential for osteoclast function. This eventually leads to the induction of apoptosis in osteoclasts. Also, by preventing osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, this agent decreases bone turnover and stabilizes the bone matrix. The guanidine moiety increases the nitrogen content and possibly the activity of the bisphosphonate and its ability to inhibit FDPS. In addition, the guanidine moiety facilitates cell internalization and may contribute to this agent’s cytotoxicity. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:dextran/alendronate/guanidine-containing polybisphosphonate
Foreign brand name:Osteodex