NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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polysiloxane/gadolinium chelates-based nanoparticles
A nanoparticle formulation composed of a polysiloxane-based inorganic matrix bound to cyclic chelates composed of the chelating agent DOTA (1,4,7,10-tetra-azacyclododecane-1-glutaric anhydride-4,7,10-triacetic acid) covalently bound to the paramagnetic contrast enhancer gadolinium (Gd), a high-Z material, with potential use in enhancing diagnostic images upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and potential radiosensitizing activity. Upon intravenous administration of polysiloxane matrix-gadolinium chelates-based nanoparticles, the nanoparticles extravasate to tumor sites due to the unique, hyperpermeable environment of the tumor vasculature. In addition, the small nanoparticles allow for deep penetration into the tumor, where they subsequently accumulate. Upon placement in a magnetic field, this agent produces a large magnetic moment and creates a large local magnetic field, which can enhance the relaxation rate of nearby protons. This change in proton relaxation dynamics increases the MRI signal intensity of tissues in which this agent has accumulated; therefore, contrast and visualization of those tissues are enhanced compared to unenhanced MRI. The ultra-small nanoparticles, less than 5 nm in diameter, allow for rapid renal clearance and reduced toxicity. Due to their magnetic properties, these nanoparticles make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:AGuIX-NP
gadolinium-based nanoparticle
Gd-based NPs
polysiloxane gadolinium-chelates-based nanoparticles
polysiloxane matrix-gadolinium chelates-based nanoparticles
polysiloxane/gadolinium-DOTA chelates-based nanoparticles
Foreign brand name:AGuIX