NCI Drug Dictionary

The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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tetravalent RNA-lipoplex cancer vaccine
A RNA-lipoplex (RNA-LP)-based cancer vaccine containing four naked ribonucleic acid (RNA)-drug products (DPs) RBL001.1, RBL002.2, RBL003.1, and RBL004.1 encoding melanoma-associated antigens (MAAs) encapsulated in liposomes, with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon intravenous administration of the tetravalent RNA-lipoplex cancer vaccine, the liposomes protect the RNA from degradation in the bloodstream, travel to the spleen and are taken up by antigen-presenting cells (APCs); RNA is translocated to the cytoplasm and translated into the four tumor-associated proteins. The expressed proteins are processed and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-peptide complexes are presented to the immune system. This induces antigen-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell responses against the four selected MAAs. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:Lipo-MERIT
Code name:RB_0003-01