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NCI Drug Dictionary

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The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

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iloprost
A prostacyclin analogue with potential chemopreventive activity. Iloprost binds to the prostacyclin receptor in various target cells, thereby causing vasodilation, inhibition of platelet aggregation, and decreased tumor cell adhesion to endothelium among other effects. Prostacyclin is a naturally occurring eicosanoid with anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, and anti-metastatic properties. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:Ciloprost
iloprost clathrate
US brand name:Ventavis
Code name:ZK 36374
Chemical structure:
  • (E)-(3aS,4R,5R,6aS)-Hexahydro-5-hydroxy-4-((E)-(3S,4RS)-3-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-octen-6-ynyl)-delta(sup 2(1H),delta)-pentalenevaleric Acid
  • pentanoic acid, 5-(hexahydro-5-hydroxy-4-(3-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-octen-6-ynyl)-2(1H)-pentalenylidene)