NCI Drug Dictionary

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The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

A recombinant version of the cardiac neurohormone, human B-type natriuretic peptide (hBNP) produced by the ventricular myocardium. Nesiritide binds to natriuretic peptide receptors on vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells, through which it triggers guanylate cyclase dependent signal transduction resulting in increase of intracellular concentrations of cGMP. This leads to smooth muscle cell relaxation causing arterial and venous dilatation. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:Human Brain Natriuretic Factor-32
Natriuretic factor-32
Natriuretic Peptide Type-B
US brand name:Natrecor
Chemical structure:
  • 1,2-Dithia-5,8,11,14,17,20,23,26,29,32,35,38,41,44,47,50-hexadecaazacyclotripentacontane, Cyclic Peptide Derivative
  • L-Histidine, L-seryl-L-prolyl-L-lysyl-L-methionyl-L-valyl-L-glutaminylglycyl-L-serylglycyl-L-cysteinyl-L-phenylalanylglycyl-L-arginyl-L-lysyl-L-methionyl-L-alpha-aspartyl-L-arginyl-L-isoleucyl-L-seryl-L-seryl-L-seryl-L-serylglycyl-L-leucylglycyl-L-cysteinyl-L-lysyl-L-valyl-L-leucyl-L-arginyl-L-arginyl-, Cyclic (10-26)-disulfide