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NCI Drug Dictionary

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The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials.

A second-generation antisense oligonucleotide targeting heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) with potential antitumor and chemosensitizing activities. Apatorsen suppresses tumor cell expression of Hsp27, which may induce tumor cell apoptosis and enhance tumor cell sensitivity to cytotoxic agents. Hsp27, a chaperone belonging to the small heat shock protein (sHsp) group of proteins, is a cytoprotective protein that supports cell survival under conditions of stress; it has been found to be over-expressed in a variety of human cancers. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonym:Hsp27 antisense oligonucleotide OGX-427
Code name:ISIS 306053
Chemical structure:DNA, d(P-thio)((2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))rG-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))rG-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))rG-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))rA-m5C-G-m5C-G-G-m5C-G-m5C-T-m5C-G-G-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))m5rU-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))m5rC-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))rA-(2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl))m5rU)