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Screening Research

  • Study Adds to Debate about Mammography in Older Women

    For women in their 70s and older, the risk of overdiagnosis with routine screening mammography is substantial, a new study suggests. The findings highlight the need for conversations between older women and their health care providers about the potential benefits and harms of continuing screening mammography.

  • Catch-Up HPV Testing May Help Prevent Cervical Cancer in Some Over Age 65

    It may be worthwhile for some individuals between ages 65 and 69 to get tested for HPV, findings from a Danish study suggest. Specifically, the testing may help prevent cervical cancer among those who haven’t had cervical cancer screening for at least 5 years.

  • 3-in-1 Approach Helps Women in Rural Areas Get Cancer Screenings

    In a new study, providing rural women with an interactive video about cancer screening and follow-up calls with patient navigators helped get them up to date on screenings for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer.

  • When Prenatal DNA Tests Point to Cancer

    An NIH-led study called IDENTIFY is analyzing what happens when prenatal blood tests in a pregnant person suggests the person may have cancer. Dr. Diana Bianchi and Amy Turriff talk about their experience with the study thus far.

  • Cancer Screening Guidelines Often Lack Information on Potential Harms, Study Finds

    In a review of 33 cancer screening guidelines, researchers have found that many don’t adequately capture the potential harms of cancer screening. Providing information on harms is critical so people can have informed discussions about screening with their health care providers, the researchers noted.

  • Working to Close the Cancer Screening Gap Caused by COVID

    Many hospitals and community health centers are trying to increase cancer screening rates after the COVID pandemic caused them to plummet. The largest effort aims to add a total of 70,000 additional monthly screening tests over a 6-month period.

  • Colonoscopy after Positive FIT Test Cuts Risk of Colorectal Cancer Death

    People who had a positive FIT result (signs of blood in the stool) but didn’t get a follow-up colonoscopy were twice as likely to die of colorectal cancer as those who did get a colonoscopy, a new study found.

  • Study Adds to Debate about Screening for Melanoma

    Regular skin cancer screening leads to many diagnoses of very early-stage melanomas, results from a new study suggest. The results add to a debate about whether screening is fueling an overdiagnosis of melanoma in the United States.

  • Screening for Many Cancers with One Test: Uncertainty Abounds

    Progress has been made on developing noninvasive tests that may be able to find many cancers early. But, as NCI’s Dr. Phil Castle explains, there’s still much to learn about these multi-cancer early detection tests before they become widely used.

  • Can Artificial Intelligence Help See Cancer in New, and Better, Ways?

    Researchers have been developing artificial intelligence (AI) tools that could make cancer imaging faster, more accurate, and more informative. But there are also questions about whether these tools are ready for doctors’ offices, whether they will actually help people, and whether that benefit will reach all—or only some—patients.

  • Why Are Many Women Overdue for Cervical Cancer Screening?

    The rates of timely cervical cancer screening fell between 2005 and 2019, researchers found, and disparities existed among groups of women. The most common reason for not receiving timely screening was lack of knowledge about screening or not knowing they needed screening.

  • Should People Over Age 75 Be Screened for Colorectal Cancer?

    Screening people for colorectal cancer after age 75 may be beneficial, a new study suggests. The findings provide helpful information for physicians to use in discussing screening choices with their older patients.

  • Texting May Help Reduce Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening

    Combining text messaging with mailing people free at-home FIT kits helped increase screening for colorectal cancer among a predominantly Black population, a new study has found. It’s part of a larger effort to reduce disparities in cancer screening.

  • For Cancer Screening, COVID-19 Pandemic Creates Obstacles, Opportunities

    After a steep drop in screening for common cancers early in the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers are now exploring ways to improve cancer screening during the current crisis and beyond.

  • ACS’s Updated Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines Explained

    Updated cervical cancer screening guidelines from the American Cancer Society recommend HPV testing as the preferred approach. NCI’s Dr. Nicolas Wentzensen explains the changes and how they compare with other cervical cancer screening recommendations.

  • Many Older Adults Screened Unnecessarily for Common Cancers

    Many older adults are being screened for cancer who no longer need to be, a new study shows. Based on a nationwide survey, the study found that at least half of older US adults had received at least one unnecessary cancer screening test in the previous few years.

  • Study Examines Whether Blood Test Can Identify Early Cancers

    A blood test combined with imaging tests detected tumors—some at an early stage—in women with no history of cancer or symptoms, a recent study showed. The test also mistakenly indicated some women had cancer when further testing showed they didn't.

  • Study Suggests Reviewing Lung Cancer Screening Criteria for African Americans

    Clinical recommendations on who should be screened for lung cancer may need to be reviewed when it comes to African Americans who smoke, findings from a new study suggest.

  • After Lung Cancer Screening, Follow-Up Procedures May Be Riskier than Thought

    In everyday medical care, there may be more complications from invasive diagnostic procedures performed after lung cancer screening than has been reported in large studies.

  • For HPV-Positive Women, Test Can Guide Cervical Cancer Screening Follow-Up

    A new test can help to improve the clinical management of women who screen positive for HPV infection during routine cervical cancer screening, an NCI-led study has shown.

  • Crunching Numbers: What Cancer Screening Statistics Really Tell Us

    Cancer screening studies have shown that more screening does not necessarily translate into fewer cancer deaths. This article explains how to interpret the statistics used to describe the results of screening studies.

  • Interactive App Improves Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates

    Colorectal cancer screening reduces deaths from the disease, yet about one-third of Americans aren’t up to date with screening. Learn what happened when people waiting for routine checkups used an app that allowed them to order their own screening test.

  • Lung Cancer Screening Most Beneficial for Those at Highest Risk, Analysis Suggests

    An analysis of data from a demonstration project led by the Veterans Health Administration may help to better define who is most likely to benefit from lung cancer screening.