Bringing Precision to Screening for CancerPosted: November 17, 2015
A recent NCI-sponsored conference brought together leading screening and cancer control researchers to discuss the state of the science of precision screening for five cancers.
Shared Decision Making to Improve Cancer Screening ChoicesUpdated: January 12, 2016
In an effort to help patients make informed decisions and involve them more directly in critical medical decisions related to cancer screening, experts are turning to shared decision making.
Overdiagnosis of Cancer: Bringing an Important Problem into FocusPosted: August 28, 2015
Experts are convening for a conference on the dilemmas posed by overdiagnosis in many types of diseases. Overdiagnosis is generally defined as the diagnosis of a disease or condition that is unlikely to ever cause harm.
Screening Rates for Several Cancers Miss Their TargetsPosted: May 26, 2015
Screening rates for breast, colorectal, and cervical cancer are lagging behind target rates set by the Healthy People 2020 program, according to a new study.
NIH study finds negative HPV screening test result is a better predictor of low cervical cancer risk than a negative Pap testPosted: July 18, 2014
Based on a study that included more than 1 million women, investigators at NCI have determined that a negative test for HPV infection compared to a negative Pap test provides greater safety, or assurance, against future risk of cervical cancer.
Crunching Numbers: What Cancer Screening Statistics Really Tell UsPosted: May 1, 2012
Cancer screening studies have shown that more screening does not necessarily translate into fewer cancer deaths. This article explains how to interpret the statistics used to describe the results of screening studies.
Using an Ocean of Data, Researchers Model Real-Life Benefits of Cancer ScreeningPosted: November 27, 2012
Using the results of screening trials, the NCI Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network is trying to estimate the true benefit of cancer screening in the general population and identify the optimal way to implement screening within the health care system.
Questions to Ask Your Doctor about Cancer ScreeningPosted: November 27, 2012
In this audio clip, Drs. Lisa Schwartz and Steven Woloshin of the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy discuss the benefits and harms of cancer screening and highlight popular misconceptions about cancer screening statistics.
Building a Better Cancer Screening ProcessPosted: November 27, 2012
PROSPR, an NCI-sponsored research initiative, is designed to examine failures in the cancer screening process and to develop better ways to implement cancer screening in community settings.
All That Glitters: A Glimpse into the Future of Cancer ScreeningPosted: November 27, 2012
Developing new screening approaches and rigorously establishing their validity is challenging. Researchers are actively searching for new screening tests that improve the benefits of screening while limiting the harms.
Infographic: Benefits and Harms of PSA Screening for Prostate CancerPosted: November 27, 2012
An infographic depicting the benefits and harms of PSA screening for prostate cancer, according to estimates from two prostate cancer screening trials.
NIH study finds sigmoidoscopy reduces colorectal cancer ratesPosted: May 21, 2012
Study finds that flexible sigmoidoscopy is effective in reducing the rates of new cases and deaths due to colorectal cancer. Researchers found that overall colorectal cancer mortality was reduced by 26 percent and incidence was reduced by 21 percent as a result of screening with sigmoidoscopy.