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Cancer Research Legislation

This page provides summaries of legislation proposed in the 117th Congress affecting cancer research policy. This page will be updated as relevant legislation is introduced.

Cancer Patient Equity Act of 2021 (H.R. 5377)

  • The bill would mandate coverage for molecular diagnostics and genetic counseling at the time of diagnosis for patients on Medicare, Medicaid & the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).

Fairness to Kids with Cancer Act of 2021 (H.R. 2210)

  • This bill requires the share of federal funds for cancer research that supports pediatric cancer research is to equal the percentage of the U.S. population that is under the age of 18.

Give Kids a Chance Act (H.R. 5416)

  • This legislation would authorize the FDA to require preclinical and clinical studies of combinations of therapies for pediatric cancers under certain circumstances.

Jeanette Acosta Invest in Women’s Health Act (S. 1063 & H.R. 2216)

  • This bill establishes, or authorizes to be established, a series of programs, administered by HHS, the CDC, and HRSA, relating to cancer screenings for women.

KO Cancer Act (H.R. 6342)   

  • The bill aims to increase cancer research funding allocated to the NIH for FY 2023 through FY 2027 by an amount “equal to 25 percent of the total amount allocated to the National Institutes of Health for cancer research for fiscal year 2021”.

Lung Cancer Screening Registry and Quality Improvement Act (H.R. 107)

  • The bill aims to provide funds for FY2022-FY2026 for grants to help entities establish free lung cancer screening registries and requires registries to be interoperable in order to receive federal funds.

Mary Jo Lawyer Spano Mesothelioma Patient Registry Act of 2021 (H.R. 5869

  • The bill would provide for the establishment of a mesothelioma patient registry.

PREVENT HPV Cancers Act (H.R.1550

  • The bill aims to increase human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates and otherwise prevent and treat cervical cancer and other cancers associated with HPV. 

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Research and Education Act of 2021 (H.R.113)

  • This legislation would provide for research and education with respect to triple-negative breast cancer.

Veteran’s Prostate Cancer Treatment and Research Act (H.R. 4880 & S.2720)

  • This legislation would direct the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to establish a clinical pathway for prostate cancer, a standardized system of care for the treatment of what is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the veterans’ health system.

Vietnam Veterans Liver Fluke Cancer Study Act (H.R. 1273)

  • This bill would require the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to conduct an epidemiological study and report on the prevalence of cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) in veterans who served in the Vietnam theater of operations during the Vietnam era.

Women and Lung Cancer Research and Preventive Services Act of 2021 (S.699 & H.R.1800)

  • The proposed legislation would require the Department of Health and Human Services to conduct an interagency review of the status of women and lung cancer.
  • Updated: