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Federal Health Legislation

This page provides summaries of legislation proposed in the 117th Congress affecting federal health policy. This page will be updated as relevant legislation is introduced.

Access and Coverage for Cancer Care

Access to Breast Cancer Diagnosis Act (S.1067 & H.R.5769)

  • This bill prohibits private health insurance plans from imposing higher cost-sharing requirements on breast cancer diagnostic examinations than initial breast cancer screening examinations. Diagnostic examinations are generally required after an initial screening detects an abnormality and typically require additional mammogram images (e.g., x-rays). 

Access to Infertility Treatment and Care Act (S.2352)

  • This bill would require health insurance issuers to provide coverage for standard fertility preservation services when a medically necessary treatment may directly or indirectly cause iatrogenic infertility. 

Cancer Care Planning and Communications Act (H.R. 4414)

  • The legislation would amend the Social Security Act to provide for coverage of cancer care planning and coordination under the Medicare program.

Cancer Drug Parity Act of 2021 (H.R.4385)

  • This legislation would amend the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 to require a group health plan (or health insurance coverage offered in connection with such a plan) to provide for cost sharing for oral anticancer drugs on terms no less favorable than the cost sharing provided for anticancer medications administered by a healthcare provider.

Children’s Program of All-Inclusive Coordinated Care (ChiPACC) Act of 2021 (H.R.4952)

  • The bill aims to provide coverage for palliative care, including hospice care, for critically ill children.  

Colorectal Cancer Payment Fairness Act (H.R. 2594

  • This legislation would amend the Social Security Act to eliminate coinsurance requirements for certain colorectal cancer screening tests furnished under the Medicare program.

Expanding Access to Palliative Care Act (S.2565)

  • The legislation would amend the Social Security Act to provide for the testing of a community-based palliative care model.    

Metastatic Breast Cancer Access to Care Act (S.1312 & H.R.3183)

  • The legislation would amend the Social Security Act to eliminate the waiting periods for disability insurance benefits and Medicare coverage for individuals with metastatic breast cancer.

Precision Medicine Answers for Kids Today Act (H.R.5989)

  • This legislation would create a program for states to provide coverage for genetic and genomic testing for three years, and to study how this coverage improves the diagnosis of pediatric health conditions.

Timely Access to Cancer Treatment (TACT) Act of 2021 (H.R.3258)   

  • The bill aims to improve patient access to anti-cancer oral medications and prevent any undue delay in the initiation of the patient’s cancer treatment.

White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, Hunger, and Health Act (H.R.5724 & S.3064)

  • This bill would authorize a White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, Hunger, and Health.

Screening, Prevention, and Early Detection

Katherine’s Law for Lung Cancer Early Detection and Survival Act (H.R.3749 and S.1966)

  • This bill would expand the availability of coverage for lung cancer screenings, without cost sharing, for high-risk individuals by removing limitations on screening for people over the age of 80 and for individuals who quit smoking more than 15 years ago.

Lung Cancer Screening Registry and Quality Improvement Act of 2021 (H.R.107)

  • The bill aims to provide funds for FY2022-FY2026 for grants to help entities establish free lung cancer screening registries and requires registries to be interoperable in order to receive federal funds.

Making Advances in Mammography and Medical Options for Veterans Act (S.2533 & H.R.4794)      

  • This legislation aims to improve mammography services provided by the VA and improve access to cancer care for veterans.  

Medicare Multi-Cancer Early Detection Screening Coverage Act of 2021 (S.1873 & H.R. 1946)

  • This bill proposes providing for Medicare coverage and payment for multi-cancer early detection screening tests that are approved by the Food and Drug Administration and that are used to screen for cancer across many cancer types.

Prostate Cancer Prevention Act (H.R.5558

  • This legislation would reauthorize preventative health measures with respect to prostate cancer. 

Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening for High-risk Insured Men (PSA Screening for HIM) Act (H.R.1176

  • The bill would waive deductibles, copayments, and coinsurances for prostate cancer screenings for men who have a family history of prostate cancer or who are African American.

Protecting Access to Lifesaving Screenings Act “PALS ACT” of 2021 (S.2412

  • This bill would protect insurance coverage for annual breast cancer screening mammography at no cost for women aged 40 and older. 

Reducing Hereditary Cancer Act (H.R.4110

  • The bill would amend the Social Security Act to provide hereditary cancer genetic testing for individuals with a history of a hereditary cancer gene mutation in a blood relative or a personal or ancestral history suspicious for hereditary cancer.


Creating Opportunities Now for Necessary and Effective Care Technologies (CONNECT) for Health Act of 2021 (H.R. 2903 & S.1512)

  • The bill would permanently remove geographic restrictions on telehealth services and provide the HHS Secretary with the permanent authority to waive telehealth restrictions, a provision currently in place due to the pandemic but on a temporary basis.

Protecting Access to Post COVID-19 Telehealth Act (H.R.366)

  • The bill would allow for the expanded use of telehealth after the Coronavirus public health emergency by eliminating restrictions on telehealth services in Medicare.

Telehealth Modernization Act (S.368 & H.R. 1332)

  • The bill would revise the originating site requirements (geographic and site of service) after the public health emergency to mean any site at which the beneficiary is located, including the home of the beneficiary. It would also provide the HHS Secretary the authority to expand the types of practitioners who are eligible to furnish telehealth, among other provisions.

The Temporary Reciprocity to Ensure Access to Treatment (TREAT) Act (S.168 & H.R.708)

  • The bill would provide temporary licensing reciprocity for all practitioners and health professionals for all types of services (in-person and telehealth) during the COVID-19 response and for future national emergencies.

Tobacco Control

Clarifying Authority Over Nicotine Act of 2021 (H.R.6286) 

  • This legislation would clarify that FDA has authority to regulate all nicotine – whether derived from tobacco or synthetic. 

END ENDS (Ending Nicotine Dependence from Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems) Act (H.R.3051

  • This bill would prohibit any e-liquid from having a concentration of nicotine higher than 20 milligrams per milliliter.

Preventing Opportunities for Teen E-Cigarette and Tobacco Addiction (PROTECT) Act (S.2974)         

  • This bill would require the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to develop a strategy and carry out a specific initiative to prevent and reduce the use of electronic cigarettes and emerging tobacco products among youth and young adults.

Resources To Prevent Youth Vaping Act (S.2445)     

  • This bill would apply user fees to all manufacturers of products that have been deemed as tobacco products by the FDA, including e-cigarettes with the revenue collected to be used to support efforts to prevent youth vaping.  
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