Federal Health Legislation

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The below list features selected proposed legislation from the 115th Congress affecting cancer-related Federal health care issues.  In this section, you will also find proposed legislative initiatives for related Federal agencies, such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Byron Nash Renal Medullary Carcinoma Awareness Act of 2017 (H.R. 148)

  • This bill would amend the Social Security Act to provide incentives for education on the risk of renal medullary carcinoma to Medicaid recipients with sickle cell disease.
  • H.R. 148 was introduced by Rep. Al Green (D-TX) on 1/3/2017 and was referred to the Energy and Commerce Committee.
  • Read the full bill text on Congress.gov.

USPSTF Transparency and Accountability Act of 2917 (H.R. 539)

  • This bill would amend the Public Health Services Act to revise the operations of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).
  • The bill would require the Task Force to publish research plans to guide the review of scientific evidence and new science related to the effectiveness of clinical preventive services in consultation with other Federal agencies including the NIH and NCI.
  • In addition, the bill would require the Task Force to convene a preventive services advisory board to advise the Task Force on developing, updating, publishing, and disseminating evidence-based recommendations on the use of clinical preventive services.
    • The advisory board shall include representatives of patient groups; providers of clinical services; and Federal departments and agencies, including NIH and NCI.
  • The bill would require the GAO to submit a report that includes a listing of the current Task Force recommendations; a comparison of those recommendations to those of other Federal health agencies; and an analysis of the impact of the Task Force’s recommendations on insurance coverage, access, and outcomes, including the impact on morbidity and mortality.
  • H.R. 539 was introduced by Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) on 1/13/2017 and was referred to the Energy and Commerce and Ways and Means Committees.
  • Read the full bill text on Congress.gov.

Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Amendments of 2017 (S. 197)

  • The bill would amend the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act to extend the Radiation Exposure Compensation Trust Fund until 19 years after the enactment of this Act.
  • Among other provisions, the bill would expand the downwind exposure area eligible for RECA compensation to include Colorado, Idaho, Montana, and New Mexico, as well as any county in Arizona, Nevada, or Utah.
  • The bill would make miners, core drillers, and ore transporters who suffer renal cancer or any other chronic renal disease, including nephritis and kidney tubal tissue injury, eligible for compensation due to exposure to radiation while on the job.
  • The bill also directs the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, to establish a program of grants to institutions of higher education to study the epidemiological impacts of uranium mining and milling among non-occupationally exposed individuals, including family members of uranium miners and millers.
  • S. 197 was introduced by Sens. Mike Crapo (R-ID) and Tom Udall (D-NM) on 1/24/2017 and referred to the Judiciary Committee.
  • Read the full bill text on Congress.gov.
  • Updated: February 13, 2017