NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,354 terms related to cancer and medicine.
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- adoptive cell therapy
- listen (uh-DOP-tiv sel THAYR-uh-pee)
A type of immunotherapy that uses the patient’s own T cells (a type of immune cell) to help the body fight diseases, such as cancer. In cancer therapy, T cells are taken from the patient's blood or tumor tissue and treated in the laboratory with substances to make them better able to target the patient's cancer cells and kill them. Large numbers of the treated T cells are then grown in the laboratory and given back to the patient to help the immune system fight the cancer. Types of adoptive cell therapy include chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR T-cell) therapy and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) therapy. Also called cellular adoptive immunotherapy and T-cell transfer therapy.