NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,468 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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non-inferiority trial
(… in-FEER-ee-OR-ih-tee TRY-ul)
A study that tests whether a new treatment is not worse than an active treatment it is being compared to. Non-inferiority trials are sometimes done when a placebo (an inactive treatment) cannot be used. These trials may show that a new treatment (such as a drug) is not worse than the active treatment being compared, and it may be safer and easier to take or cause fewer side effects.