NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,531 terms related to cancer and medicine.

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therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia
(THAYR-uh-pee-ree-LAY-ted uh-KYOOT MY-eh-loyd loo-KEE-mee-uh)
A type of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that is caused by previous treatment with chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia is an aggressive (fast-growing) cancer in which there are too many myeloblasts (immature white blood cells) in the blood or bone marrow. Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia usually occurs within 7 years after treatment. It is more common in adults. Also called t-AML.