NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,660 terms related to cancer and medicine.
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- listen (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul)
- Having to do with the parietal peritoneum (the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity) and visceral peritoneum (the tissue that covers most of the organs in the abdomen, including the intestines).
- peritoneal cavity
- listen (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul KA-vuh-tee)
- The space within the abdomen that contains the intestines, the stomach, and the liver. It is bound by thin membranes.
- peritoneal fluid
- listen (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul FLOO-id)
- A liquid that is made in the abdominal cavity to lubricate the surface of the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.
- peritoneal infusion
- listen (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul in-FYOO-zhun)
- A method of delivering fluids and drugs directly into the abdominal cavity through a thin tube. Also called intraperitoneal infusion.
- peritoneal perfusion
- listen (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul per-FYOO-zhun)
- A method of delivering fluids and drugs directly to tumors in the peritoneal cavity.
- peritoneal washing
- listen (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul WAH-shing)
- A procedure in which a salt-water solution is used to wash the peritoneal cavity and then is removed to check for cancer cells. The peritoneal cavity is the space in the abdomen that contains the intestines, stomach, and liver. Peritoneal washings are commonly done during surgery for cancer of the ovary and uterus, to see if cancer has spread to the peritoneal cavity.