NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
The NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms features 8,240 terms related to cancer and medicine.
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- listen (AN-tih-jen)
- Any substance that causes the body to make an immune response against that substance. Antigens include toxins, chemicals, bacteria, viruses, or other substances that come from outside the body. Body tissues and cells, including cancer cells, also have antigens on them that can cause an immune response. These antigens can also be used as markers in laboratory tests to identify those tissues or cells.
- antigen-presenting cell
- listen (AN-tih-jen-preh-ZEN-ting sel)
- A type of immune cell that boosts immune responses by showing antigens on its surface to other cells of the immune system. An antigen-presenting cell is a type of phagocyte. Also called APC.
- antigen-presenting cell vaccine
- listen (AN-tih-jen-preh-ZEN-ting sel vak-SEEN)
- A vaccine made of antigens and antigen-presenting cells (APCs). APCs boost an immune response by presenting antigens on their surfaces to other cells of the immune system. Also called APC vaccine.